Review of the best according to the editors. About the selection criteria. The the material is subjective, is not advertising and is not serves as a guide to the purchase. Before purchase is needed consultation with a specialist.
We used to associate the concept of a country with a large territory, on which millions of people live, but this is far from always corresponds to reality. There are 252 in the world today countries, among them there are huge states occupying millions of square kilometers, and very tiny, inferior in size to even large cities. Below is the rating ten most compact countries of our planet. In its area all of them taken together do not even reach St. Petersburg. But despite the modest occupied territory, many of these States have a good level of economy, and in addition located in very beautiful places.
Rating of the smallest states of the world
|Nomination||a place||Name of product||Area||Population|
|Rating of the smallest states of the world||10||Malta||316 km²||493,559|
|8||Saint Kitts and Nevis||261 km²||52,441|
|7||Marshall Islands||181 km²||58 413|
|5||San marino||61 km²||33,422|
|4||Tuvalu||26 km²||11 052|
|2||Monaco||2.02 km²||38 300|
10th place – Malta
Republic of Malta – very picturesque Mediterranean country, it is located between Sicily and Tunisia. Maltese The archipelago includes three inhabited islands: Malta, Camino and Gozo, as well as a number of small deserted islets. Area the state is 316 square kilometers, and its quantity The population exceeds 493 and a half thousand people. Thus we can say that this is a very densely populated area. FROM geographically, the islands are notable for the fact that here there are absolutely no natural bodies of water or even rivers. Malta very popular among tourists who are attracted by clean beaches, great weather all year round and plenty good preserved historical sites. Thanks to located in the middle of the sea routes between Europe, Africa and Asia, the country has always attracted the attention of conquerors who left traces of their cultures in the form of temples, fortresses and ancient palaces. At different times Malta was owned by Greeks, Romans, Arabs, Spaniards But most of all on the island, the influence of chivalry is noticeable Order of the Johannites, now known as the Order of Malta and existing to this day.
9th place – Maldives
Maldives archipelago covers an area of 297.8 square kilometers, it is the smallest country in all of Asia, and not only by territory, but also by population. Located he is in the waters of the Indian Ocean, southwest of Sri Lanka. On the the islands are constantly inhabited by just over 436 thousand people. The archipelago consists of 26 atolls, which include over thousands of islands. Any of them, even the largest, can be passed on foot for a maximum of one and a half to two hours. There is only one city in the country – the capital of Male, and beyond it civilization gives way pristine nature. Maldives is famous all over the world, as one of the best tropical resorts. Despite the high the cost of rest here, every year the state takes about two million tourists, and most of the residents are involved in service.
8th place – Saint Kitts and Nevis
A country of 269.4 square kilometers consists of two Islands: St. Kitts and Nevis, washed by the waters of the Caribbean. The smallest state of the western hemisphere used to be part The West Indies, which are reminiscent of colonial-style buildings, converted to hotels. These estates previously belonged wealthy growers and growers sugarcane. Gradually, sugar prices began to fall, and the popularity of tropical recreation has increased rapidly, becoming The bottom line is the state economy of Saint Kitts and Nevis. The population of the islands barely exceeds 55 thousand people, but because tourism here is always crowded, especially in the capital and the coasts. Guests bring about 70 percent of all GDP to the country year. In addition to the beautiful nature, tourists are attracted by the water near islands considered a real paradise for divers. Around there are almost four hundred wrecks, as ancient as and more modern, moreover, in this region of the Caribbean there are many exotic underwater inhabitants. Besides tourism, the budget is replenished by providing offshore banking services to foreign customers.
7th place – Marshall Islands
Pacific Republic Marshall Islands covers an area of 181.3 square kilometers, it consists of a series of atolls islands. The largest of them are Majuro, where the capital of the same name, and Kwajalein. Number The country’s population is approximately 53 thousand people. From the moment its discovery at the beginning of the 16th century by the Spanish navigator Alonso de Salazar islands for a long time passed from one European country to another as a colony. In the 1950s local the ecosystem has been hit hard by nuclear tests that staged atolls by the US military. Fortunately in the present time, residents have already restored the unique flora and fauna of the Marshalls islands. Despite the wide prospects for the development of diving, sport fishing and other types of tourism only about 10 percent of the inhabitants. The reason for this is the inaccessibility of the place and as yet underdeveloped infrastructure. Main role in the economy of the state plays export of tuna and copra derived from coconut trees.
6th place – Liechtenstein
The Principality of Liechtenstein is located in the middle of the Alpine mountains, it bordered by Switzerland and Austria. Area of the country with a population of 38.5 thousand people is 130 square kilometers. Liechtenstein – one of the few states where the official form of government is a constitutional monarchy. With its very small territory, the principality boasts a developed industry, especially in high-tech areas and high well-being of citizens. It is also considered a major European financial center. The unemployment rate among citizens reaches just 1.5 percent. There is no airport in the country (get usually only from neighboring Switzerland), but it’s completely not prevents a large influx of tourists visiting annually Liechtenstein. The Principality boasts a first-class Alpine resort, a major museum of modern art and several ancient castles.
5th place – San Marino
The dwarf state of San Marino is located in southern Europe and with all sides surrounded by the lands of Italy. The country covers the territory of 61.2 square kilometers, 33.4 thousand constantly live in it person. It is one of the three smallest European countries. San Marino is considered the oldest sovereign state in this parts of the world, it was founded back in 301. With such small the country has more than 30 settlements, the largest of which – Serravalle, it is inhabited by almost 8 thousand inhabitants. The economy of San Marino is based on tourism, bringing 60% of the all income, financial sector and industry. State rich in architectural attractions, the main of which There are three tower towers: Guaita, Chest and Montale. Annually around three million people visit local tourist sites guests.
4th place – Tuvalu
Tuvalu is located in the Pacific Ocean, northeast of Australian continent. The country includes three reef islands and six atolls located apart on a significant distance – from 70 to 170 kilometers. Tuvalu total area is 25.9 kilometers; population is negligible exceeds 11 thousand people. Before gaining its independence in 1978 In the year the islands belonged to Great Britain. Polynesian state has all the prerequisites to become a popular tropical resort, there are long clean beaches, beautiful palm groves, and also an abundance of exotic fish in the surrounding waters. But for now Tuvalu is not attractive for foreign guests due to the weak tourist infrastructure and high cost of flights. AND global warming threatens to completely wipe the islands off the face of the earth, since even a slight increase in sea level can become catastrophic for a country rising above sea level in all five meters.
3rd place – Nauru
Nauru is the smallest independent republic in the world, It covers an area of 20.98 square kilometers. Is located the state is almost at the equator, 4,000 kilometers from Australia The local population is just over 13.5 thousand people. This is the only country that does not have an official capital Cities. The latest history of Nauru is curious and instructive – just for for several decades, the state has evolved from a prosperous, a rich paradise into a devastated territory with poor inhabitants. Reason this was thoughtless mining of phosphate deposits in the 1970s, for the sake of which was destroyed 80 percent of the vegetation on the island. TO mineral reserves depleted in the early 2000s and Nauru in addition to the spoiled nature, bankruptcy fell. Tourist the island’s potential remains virtually unused, although near it there are many interesting places for diving with scuba gear. Number of guests who decide to visit Nauru despite to factors such as near-missing infrastructure, abandoned careers and difficulties with air traffic, reaches only several hundred a year.
2nd place – Monaco
The miniature independent principality of Monaco is spread over coast of the Ligurian Sea, on land it borders France. It is the most densely populated country in the world with the number of a population of 38.6 thousand people on just 2.02 square kilometers. The state includes three communes, the most famous of which is the famous Monte Carlo, where it is concentrated resort area and the most luxurious residences. According to statistics, 100 percent of the inhabitants here are provided with work and almost 30 percent of they have a fortune of a million or more. Countless riches Monaco owes to numerous casinos where they come to spend huge amounts of money elite representatives from around the world. Also the country is famous for the fact that every year on its streets a race is held Grand Prix “Formula 1”. Thanks to the marine climate, ecology and highest level of well-being, average life expectancy in this state is a record 90 years.
1st place – Vatican
The dwarf enclave country is located inside the capital of Italy, it covers an area of 0.44 square kilometers. In the Vatican about a thousand people live, with 95 percent of them male gender. These are mainly ministers of the Catholic Church and representatives Swiss guard. Vatican workers most often have Italian citizenship. Theocratic form is implemented in the state a rule in which all power is concentrated around Holy See, led by the pope. World Center the Catholic Church lives largely through voluntary contributions of Catholic parishioners from around the world. Also budget replenished by profit from the sale of tourist souvenirs and entrance tickets to museums that host numerous masterpieces of art Renaissance. In general, given the small area and population, The Vatican can be confidently called a very rich state. Own army of an independent city consists of more than a hundred military guards trained in the armed forces Switzerland. In addition to them, Papal monitors the order gendarmerie, also in the amount of more than one hundred people.
Attention! This rating is subjective, not advertising and does not serve as a guide to the purchase. Before the purchase consultation with a specialist is necessary.