Review of the best according to the editors. About the selection criteria. The the material is subjective, is not advertising and is not serves as a guide to the purchase. Before purchase is needed consultation with a specialist.
Scientists have proven that the clear purity of the waters of the Atlantic the ocean is viewed at 66 meters, the Pacific – 62 meters, and Indian – 50. But the cleanest waters are in the North The Arctic Ocean, although, unfortunately, it is always covered with ice.
Many seas that border the warm oceans can also please the transparency of their waters. Today we will tell you about 10 the cleanest of them.
Overview of the cleanest seas in the world
|Rating of the cleanest seas in the world||10||Weddell Sea||4.1|
|9||The Dead Sea||4.2|
10th place: Weddell Sea
It is located in the Southern Ocean and is covered mainly by constant and massive ice shelf. Sea waters are within Britain, Chile and Argentina. It is believed that it possesses of all seas with the cleanest water, which since 1986 is compared with distilled.
The most interesting facts about the Weddell Sea:
- It covers an area of about 2.8 million square kilometers. 1200 miles wide at its widest point.
- Named after King George IV James Weddell Scottish sailor in 1823.
- There are many populations of seals and whales.
- In recent years, south of Snohill Island in the Weddell Sea has been discovered a colony of emperor penguins.
- These waters are considered insidious, and there are myths that in they live Mermen with green hair. And because of them, many ships were destroyed by ice.
9th place: Dead Sea
This is one of the most intriguing and interesting lakes in the world. Being at the lowest point on Earth, it borders Jordan in the east, and with Israel in the west. Tourists from around the globe flock to this is a super-salty phenomenon. Here are some fascinating facts about “Salt Sea”:
- It arose because a gap formed in the earth’s crust.
- Located at the lowest point on earth on the edge of Judea Deserts – a very hot region at the foot of the Ha Heatekim cliff. it near Jerusalem and the link between the desert and the developed land in the Middle East.
- It has incredible healing powers. It is believed that water with a salt content of up to 32% and a high mineral composition helps people with breathing problems, joint pain (such as arthritis). And also with many chronic skin diseases such as: psoriasis, acne and cellulite. Low ultraviolet rays of the sun and air bromine also contributes to the natural healing.
- No plants or animals can live in such water that means no jumping dolphins, swimming fish and algae that can get stuck between your toes. Huge salt concentration prevents the existence of all life forms, except for some bacteria found in recent years. Of course, you can’t drink this water!
- Almost as famous as the sea itself are images of tourists who smear dirt on their bodies give harden it, and then wash it off into the sea. Black mud deposits come directly from the seabed. It is good for the skin, as in it a lot of magnesium, sodium, potassium and calcium.
8th place: Sargasso Sea
Such an amazing natural phenomenon as the Sargasso Sea was the focus of scientists for several centuries. His the area is 7 million km2. Of which 6 million covered with a thick carpet of sargasso algae, where does this come from name. There is a very diverse marine fauna: various species fish, crabs, sea turtles and more. Maximum depth under seaweed reaches 7 km.
- There is no wind above the water. The reason is simple – there is a zone high atmospheric pressure. In the era of sailing ships, this the lull was really deadly. That is why the waters of Sargasso For centuries they had a very bad reputation, they were even called ship-eater.
- This is the only sea on Earth that has no coast.
- The water temperature here is never lower 18 ° C.
- Its water mass rotates clockwise slowly, but continuously filled with algae and other life forms.
- The first European to visit this amazing place was famous Christopher Columbus.
- The diversity of life in Sargasso waters is much lower than in any other. There is a lot of biomass, but the number of different life forms small, but about 2 thousand unique microorganisms previously unknown.
- The famous and mysterious Bermuda Triangle is also located here.
7th place: Red Sea
The water in it is crystal clear, warm and salty. With an average temperature + 30 ° C, salinity concentration in some places can reach up to 42%. This unique sea has no of flowing rivers, so silt and clay do not fall into it. In the sea fields of coral are scattered on the bottom, giving it a characteristic shade, reflected in the title. The underwater world of the Red Sea is incredible rich and handsome, so travelers are so eager here. It is located between Asia and Africa and is the entrance to the Indian ocean.
A few facts:
- There are more than 1000 species of invertebrates in the Red Sea, and it also is home to over 200 hard and soft corals.
- Its second name is the Eritrean Sea.
- More than 1200 species of fish live here. Approximately 10% of these species cannot be found in other countries of the world.
- Some species that live on its reefs are dangerous to humans, including including tiger shark, scorpion fish, rabbit fish and stingrays.
6th place: Cretan Sea
It is located between the Cretan shores and the Keykladas islands, and then goes into the Aegean. Tourists have chosen North Crete, thanks to the cleanest waters along the coast and the abundance of comfortable sandy beaches. And precisely for the transparency of water, many of the Cretans The beaches were awarded the Blue Flag of Europe. The most famous facts about Crete and the waters that wash its shores:
- Crete is the oldest place in Europe. Archaeological excavations of the Knossos palace showed that the first people lived in Crete in 7th millennium BC.
- It is the largest island in Greece, the fifth largest in the pool. Mediterranean and 88th largest on Earth.
- It is believed that the air over the Cretan waters has healing properties. Many people have reported that they were healed of different diseases after staying on the island. This wonderful Hippocrates, the father of medicine, confirmed the air myth.
5th place: Mediterranean Sea
The Mediterranean Sea is located between Southern Europe and Northern Africa, many are mistaken, considering it part of the Atlantic of the ocean, but in reality it’s a separate body of water, which is practically completely surrounded by land, and in the south it borders on Africa, in the east – with Levan, and in the north with Anatolia and Southern Europe. Word “Mediterranean” comes from the Latin word “mediterraneus”, which means “in the middle of the earth.”
Interesting facts about the Mediterranean:
- Both in ancient times, and today, it is an important transport route.
- His pool was formed when African and Eurasian plates converged.
- Climate change can increase water levels in the sea, which could adversely affect drinking water supplies and lead to movements of up to half a million people in one Egypt.
- It is the main tourist destination for people with all over the world.
- The water in it is slightly more saline than in the Atlantic Ocean, due to narrow channels and evaporation.
4th place: White Sea
It is part of the Arctic Ocean, and its water are considered the cleanest among those that wash the coast of Russia. It has an amazing rugged coastline, which is why many they call it the “gulf of snakes”. The area of the White Sea is over 90 thousand km2, while it is not deep – only 343 meters. The average summer water temperature is + 16 ° C. And in winter it can drop to -1 ° C.
- From the 14th to the 1700s, the White Sea was the main trade route Of Russia. Its use decreased when St. Petersburg was founded in 1703.
- Arkhangelsk, once a major trading port in Russia, today used as an underwater and naval base.
- It has about 60 species of fish, including herring, saffron cod, Atlantic salmon and European smelt. AND these waters are also home to five species of mammals, including white whale and beluga whale.
3rd place: Arabian Sea
It is located in the northern part of the Indian Ocean and is bordered by Somalia and the Arabian Peninsula in the West, with Iran and Pakistan in the north and India in the east. The Arabian Sea is also known as Omani, and historically – like the Persian Sea. It is believed that it served as an important trade route from the second or third millennium BC. A little interesting:
- Named after Arab merchants who considered the sea to be their 9th century to late medieval period of history.
- It is considered one of the largest in the world.
- Three large peninsulas border it: the Horn of Africa, Arabian Peninsula and Indian Peninsula.
- Fishing is a large-scale industry for several countries with coastlines along the Arabian Sea.
2nd place: Philippine Sea
The largest sea on our planet is the Philippine, it It is also a part of the Pacific Ocean, and its area is 5.73 million km2. But even it does not have clear boundaries defined by land, what is approaching in similarity to the Sargasso Sea. In doing so conventional boundaries are considered the coast of the islands: Japanese archipelago, Philippine archipelago, as well as the islands of Taiwan. Water in the Philippine Sea has moderate salinity, and in its thickness the richest marine fauna thrives.
- It has deep trenches, including the Mariana Trench, which is the deepest point on earth.
- About 20% of the known mollusk species in the world are found. in the Philippine waters.
- In 1944, there was a major naval battle, which The Battle of the Philippine Sea was called. It happened between Japan and the United States as part of World War II.
- This is one of the best places in the world where you can see the whale. shark, considered the “gentle giant”, which is the most large fish in marine waters. Divers often report that seen some species more than 10 meters long.
- In 2011, a dispute escalated as the “island dispute” Spratley, and several government agencies in the Philippines they began to call the South China Sea the West Philippine.
1st place: Andaman Sea
Another warm tropical sea that also belongs to Indian Ocean basin and may please us high water clarity. On the one hand, it is limited to the peninsula Malacca, and on the other – the Indochina Peninsula. The area of its water area is 605 thousand km2. Accurate history of origin the name is lost, but there is a version that residents called it that Malaysia in honor of the god of Anduman.
- The only active volcano of the Indian subcontinent located east of a group of islands in the Andaman Sea.
- Along the sea water of the Malay Peninsula, there are about 280 different species of edible fish.
- About 150 dugongs live in the Andaman pond. Dugongs are a type sea cow, known for its similarity in appearance and temperament with cattle.
- The tsunami that occurred in 2004 led to the destruction 1.5% of the algae habitat along the coast. 9.3 magnitude earthquakes were from across the tundon plate Sunda and Burma. Therefore, when in 2004 they led to the tsunami, then killing about 280,000 people in coastal areas Indian ocean.
Now you know about the cleanest seas of our planet, and for have a good rest left to learn about the most popular beaches that attract tourists with its mirror-clear water. But, about this we We will tell you in our other article.
Attention! This rating is subjective, not advertising and does not serve as a guide to the purchase. Before the purchase consultation with a specialist is necessary.