10 most saline seas on Earth

Review of the best according to the editors. About the selection criteria. The the material is subjective, is not advertising and is not serves as a guide to the purchase. Before purchase is needed consultation with a specialist.

Our planet is rich in reservoirs of various shapes, contents and size: the variety of the seas is amazing. All of them are unique, but have one similarity is the level of salts in the water. It forms its composition, affects flora and fauna, making it diverse or reducing the existence of living things to zero. Today we will talk about the seas, which are considered the most salty on the planet.

Salt Records: Top 10 Most Salty Seas on Earth

Nomination a place Sea Salinity
Salt Records: Top 10 Most Salty Seas on Earth 1 White thirty ‰
2 Chukchi 33 ‰
3 Laptev sea 34 ‰
4 Barentsovo 35 ‰
5 Japanese 35 ‰
6 Ionian 38 ‰
7 Aegean 38 ‰
8 Mediterranean 39,5 ‰
9 Red 42 ‰
10 Dead 270 ‰

White

Rating: 4.1

White

Salinity – 30 ‰

Closes our ten not only one of the most salty, but also one of the smallest seas in the world. Pond with an area of ​​only 90,000 m2 is part of the Arctic Ocean and located in Russia – in the Murmansk region. It – beautiful, but harsh region: the climate here is not the warmest and White the sea is far from the best option for swimming. Is it just for winter swimming enthusiasts: the average water temperature in it is about +13 0С. And this is in the summer. In winter temperature keeps stable at minus mark.

By the way, despite the cold climate, the White Sea is rich in fish, in including valuable commercial – Atlantic salmon lives here. The reservoir is considered one of the smallest among Russian (less only Azov): its greatest depth is only 343 meter.

In ancient times, the reservoir was called Studen. Both ancient and the current name is certainly associated with low temperatures water. In addition, for about six months, the reservoir is completely covered with ice and in the snow.

Interesting fact. The Vikings called the reservoir “Bay of Serpents.” Moreover not because of the inhabitants, but, oddly enough, because of its bizarre coastline.

Chukchi

Rating: 4.2

Chukchi

Salinity – 33 ‰

Another representative of the northern latitudes is located between Alaska and peninsula of Chukotka. Its distinguishing feature is not only high the concentration of salts in water, but also the low temperature of the latter. On the throughout the year, the reservoir rarely warms more than +13 0C, the summer rate is at all about +8 0С, and ice covers the territory of the sea, on average, 8 months a year. The sea washes the shores of only two fears – the US and Russia and from English its name translates as “sea of ​​Chukchi”.

At the same time, the fauna of the Chukchi Sea is striking in its diversity: here there is not only a huge amount of fish, but also a lot mammals. So, on the coast you can often see walruses and seals, polar bears walk on ice floes, and often in summer there is a real bird market. Although more than half of the territory the reservoir is in shallow water, where the depth does not exceed 50 meters, its differences are impressive – from 50 to 1256 meters.

Interesting fact. Recently, at the bottom of the Chukchi Sea were discovered significant oil reserves. According to experts, in a pond contains more than 30 million barrels of “black gold”. That’s just it does not belong to Russia, but to the United States.

Laptev sea

Rating: 4.3

Laptev sea

Salinity – 34 ‰

One of the most distant and little-studied in the world. Water body area more than 662,000 km2 located between the Russian Novosibirsk and Severnaya Zemlya. The Laptev Sea is far from the best “friendly”: it is one of the coldest on the planet. Temperature water here rarely rises above 0 0С and 10 months in year she is hidden from light under the thickness of the ice. For this reason shipping here is poorly developed.

A couple of dozen islands were discovered in the Laptev Sea. On the the territories of some of them often find the remains of mammoths in excellent condition due to the harsh climate. True, due to climate, these islands are gradually disappearing: they are not uncommon strong winds and storms that enhance the erosion process soil.

In the Laptev Sea, as in the Chukchi Sea, more than half of the territory – sandbank with a depth of not more than 50 meters. But the deepest point reservoir significantly exceeds the previous participant rating: fixed mark – 3385 meters.

Interesting fact. It got its modern name in honor of the Laptev brothers – Russian polar explorers who all their life they have been studying the Arctic regions of the Earth.

Barentsovo

Rating: 4.4

Barentsovo

Salinity – 35 ‰

This is the edge of the Arctic Ocean, washing the shores of two countries – Norway and Russia. Its area is 1.4 million km2, but the maximum depth is not so impressive – only 600 meters. The reservoir plays an important role in transport communication and fishing. In this sea, two large international ports – Murmansk and Vardø.

Although in winter the Barents Sea is almost completely covered thickness of ice, tides are frequent here. For example, at Kola peninsula their height reaches 5-6 meters. Full body of water located beyond the Arctic Circle, and its waters are updated every 4 of the year. Not so long ago, “lovers” of pure water were brought here – Kamchatka crabs, who perfectly accepted the new environment and started actively multiply.

Of all the seas that wash the European shores, it’s Barentsovo is one of the purest. True, the Norwegians are “trying” him to pollute: local nuclear waste processing plants dump them in huge quantities into the water. Yes, and poachers pose significant harm to marine ecology.

Japanese

Rating: 4.5

Japanese

Salinity – 35 ‰

The Sea of ​​Japan seems small only on the map: in reality its dimensions seem vast (1.06 million km2). For many centuries, its spaces plow the ships of local residents, fishing fish in waters rich in animals. A pond is considered very dangerous and often behaves unpredictably: storms and hurricanes here are frequent phenomenon (waves sometimes reach 12 meters). Shipping however it is very developed and carried out year-round, but the northern the sea in winter is covered with ice.

Although the Sea of ​​Japan is rather “unfriendly,” part of it the coast is suitable for swimming: there are several beaches where vacationers, albeit not for long, but can soak up the sun and plunge into the water. About 900 dwells in the sea species of fish, including a dozen species of sharks, many mammals, there are scallops, crabs, algae. But there are more dangerous “resident”: a tiny jellyfish, deadly to person. One touch of her tentacles on the skin is enough to kill an adult.

Ionian

Rating: 4.6

Ionian

Salinity – 38 ‰

Glorified by Homer and immortalized in the ancient Roman chronicles, The Ionian Sea has long been the battlefield of the two greatest generals. Unlike previous rating participants, The Ionian Sea is not only pleased with the absence of storms and cold weather, but also great opportunities for a comfortable swim: average summer water temperature – about +25 0С, climate on the coast is very soft, and the bottom off the coast is entirely sand or shell rock. In short, a tourist paradise. These are the resorts of the Ionian the seas are.

It is believed that this rich history reservoir has been explored along and across, but according to archaeologists, hidden from human eyes the corners here, nevertheless, remained. And we are talking about coastal territories (they can be attributed to Basilicata – one of the few studied regions), and about deep-sea. The Ionian Sea is the most deep in the Mediterranean (max depth – 5121 meters), although at This has a modest area – about 169,000 km2.

Interesting fact. In 2010, an archaeologist from Greece announced the discovery on the famous island of Ithaca of the ruins of the palace, which, judging according to the description of Homer and the date of erection, we can confidently consider the palace of the legendary Odyssey.

Aegean

Rating: 4.7

Aegean

Salinity – 38 ‰

the salt content in the Aegean is so great that after Doctors recommend bathing immediately. running water, otherwise skin irritation may occur. Water famous among tourists as a great place to relax (both on coast, and in the open sea). It has an excellent climate – very soft subtropical. In summer, the water temperature is about + 24 + 27 0С. This is ideal for a comfortable stay. swimming: in the tourist season on the coast of the Aegean – mass of the people.

The pond is one of the oldest in the world: its age is estimated at 20,000 years. This cradle of antiquity is often mentioned in ancient mythology (Greek and Byzantine). Very rich here the underwater world, which, unfortunately, is beginning to decline. Reason to that – the mass death of plankton, which is vital for the existence of most inhabitants of the sea waters. It is often associated with the “popularity” of the Aegean among oil tankers, choosing a route through its waters (oil spills here are frequent phenomenon).

The most unusual inhabitant of the Aegean waters is considered to be a mollusk. “sea saucer”. He lives on the rocks, and perfectly streamlined forms allow him to withstand any shock waves. Aegean waters are famous a huge number of islands: there are more than 2000. The most large and famous among them – Rhodes, Crete, Samos, Lesbos and Ephbea.

Mediterranean

Rating: 4.8

Mediterranean

Salinity – 39.5 ‰

One of the most ancient, salty and polluted seas of the planet. A pond stretching between two parts of the world is considered not only one of the largest in the world with an area of ​​about 2.5 million km2, but also one of the warmest (average summer indicator +25 0С, winter +12 0С). The Mediterranean Sea is surrounded by land on all sides, therefore it is not surprising that it “contacts” with the coast of many countries.

This is the record holder among all the seas, washing the shores of 22 states. The underwater and surface world of the Mediterranean is incredibly diverse: about 750 species live here alone. After digging Suez Canal, which became a “bridge” between the Mediterranean and Red seas, ponds exchanged flora and fauna.

Interesting fact. Not everyone calls this pond his name. So, Turks consider him White. And the ancient Romans did call the sea “Ours” is hard to argue with.

The Mediterranean is mistakenly considered clean (looking at luxurious the beaches of Greece or Spain, and you will not say): it is the dirtiest of all. An important role in this was played by a factor of economic importance. reservoir for most European countries: it is the most navigable in the world.

Red

Rating: 4.9

Red

Salinity – 42 ‰

Sandwiched between the African continent and the Arabian Peninsula, The Red Sea is striking in its beauty and “tranquility.” On his the most famous Egyptian resorts were created on the coast, and even those who prefer not so noisy rest, note that for diving is not the best place to find.

Pond – the only one on the planet that does not “contact” with any by the river. That is why the water here is incredibly clear and, by the way, amazingly clean (no one can boast anymore world’s seawater). Despite the high salt content and alkalis, the Red Sea – a favorite habitat of more than 1200 species fish (a tenth of which lives here only), even sharks, stingrays and dolphins.

Every day, the reservoir could grind to 0.5 centimeters due to intensive evaporation of water. Fortunately, this does not happen. thanks to the “donation” of the Indian Ocean. But there is one factor which cannot be changed: due to continuous tectonic activity the distance between the sea coasts is gradually increasing (every 3 years per 1 meter).

Interesting fact. At the junction of the reservoir with the Gulf of Aden an amazing phenomenon occurs: their waters do not mix due to different density and salinity. Different color of water gives even greater contrast.

Dead

Rating: 5.0

Dead

Salinity – 270 ‰

This is a real mineral health resort not only in Israel, but the territory of which it is located, but also the whole world. Water level the reservoir is located at an altitude of 429 meters below sea level, which makes its lowest land area, and this figure is declining annually approximately 1 meter. The maximum depth is only 306 meters.

Officially, the reservoir is not considered the sea, since it has no exits to other bodies of water. This is a closed lake. Informally, though, it is considered to be the sea. Several large flows into it at once. rivers (but none flow). The largest of them is Jordan.

A tremendously high level of salt in water and its saturation various micronutrients, especially bromine, makes the pond completely unsuitable for life (only bacteria). Dead Sea water is so dense that any man calmly keep afloat. But that doesn’t mean that here you can’t drown: this place is the second most dangerous place in Israel for swimmers.

Interesting fact. Every day in the waters of the Dead Sea comes about 7 million m3 of river water. But this is absolutely not affects the salinity of the reservoir.


Attention! This rating is subjective, not advertising and does not serve as a guide to the purchase. Before the purchase consultation with a specialist is necessary.

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