Review of the best according to the editors. About the selection criteria. The the material is subjective, is not advertising and is not serves as a guide to the purchase. Before purchase is needed consultation with a specialist.
IT development is now one of the most promising and dynamically developing. Only 40-50 years ago there were only a few high-level programming languages, now their number, according to some estimates, reaches two with half hundred. This is due to both the huge amount diverse tasks facing programmers, and with the inevitable obsolescence of development tools. Of the widest a range of modern and relevant programming languages can highlight the ten most versatile, convenient and in demand in 2019 year.
The 10 most popular programming languages for 2019
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This universal programming language last year took first place by TIOBE rating. He is most often included in university study programs, is the undisputed leader in the field of data analysis and machine learning. According to Experts say Python is also one of the most promising languages for web development, both for front-end programmers, and for server software developers. If a talk about specific examples, then it was used to create Internet giants like Instagram, YouTube, and Pinterest. IN lately, statements about making Python is the main programming language for use in scientific sphere. He is also popular among game developers.
Python is a powerful tool that for all its huge The potential is considered extremely friendly for beginners. His advantages are excellent code readability, availability clear structure and flexibility thanks to an extensive selection of plug-in libraries and modules. And given the growing interest in the field artificial intelligence programming then becomes the obvious reason why many programmers choose Python.
The C ++ programming language was created in 1983 as a modernized version of C. Given the variability of the IT world, the demand for this language over how many years allows confidently talk about him as one of the most effective in the world. This versatile object-oriented tool A programmer is used to create software. C ++ applications can be found in the financial sector, commercial products and, of course, in a gaming development environment. Adobe products, Chrome browser and operating system itself Microsoft Windows is just a few examples of successful language application. A distinctive feature of C ++ is its high speed of work, which made it indispensable when creating gaming and graphics engines, as well as those currently at their peak popularity of virtual or augmented software reality.
C ++ has a number of undeniable advantages: it Flexible, versatile and very reliable. Good knowledge of this language allows the programmer to solve a wide range of tasks and reveals enormous prospects, including relatively career growth. However, becoming a hardcore C ++ developer under not everyone’s strength, because its development on a professional level It takes a lot of time and patience.
The object-oriented Java language was developed under the slogan “Write once, run anywhere” (write once, execute anywhere), and in full compliance with this, is universal, platform independent language. Thanks to the JVM virtual machine, applications created using Java can be run almost everywhere. Initially, this language was invented for smart household appliances, but seeing its convenience and flexibility, many large companies wanted apply Java in your products. It is used for development. server software, desktop applications, and Of course, Android devices. Almost all programs in modern smartphone created in Java using third-party API It is also used in software for various household smart devices. and even Tesla electric cars. In 2009, a Swedish programmer introduced the first major Java game using graphic libraries – it was Minecraft.
According to TIOBE Index and Stack Overflow ratings, language Java programming has long held leading position. Talented developers with knowledge of this tool can count on an interesting and well-paid job.
The C # language was created in the early 2000s by the company’s engineers. Microsoft as a software development tool .NET Framefork platforms. The company actively promoted it as one of the most important components of their development strategy, as a result what language has become known for a wide scope, has long been beyond Microsoft products. Today you can write almost everything in a row: mobile and desktop applications, e-commerce tools, cross-platform services and large web services. It was C # that was used to create Bing Search Engine. He is also very popular in among programmers writing applications for Mac and Linux. For him there are also many development kits for creating cloud platforms. In the field of gamedev, the language is known primarily thanks to the cross-platform development environment created with its help Unity 3D.
C # no doubt modern and competitive programming language. It is somewhat easier to learn than for example C ++, however its branched system every year overgrown with a large number of specific functions, confusing beginners at first. Programmers, professionally owning this language are in demand both in large companies, so and in small ambitious projects.
This language, having appeared in 2004, in a short time became famous and popular. It was created by Apple as convenient and relevant tool for developing applications for MacOS and iOS. On it you can write programs for desktop Apple computers, mobile devices, smart TVs and watches Watch Also used by programmers to create server software based on Linux. Swift resembles Objective-C, however it is more lightweight, functional, has a concise syntax. One of The main advantage of the language is speed – it is significantly faster than Python and Objective-C, second only to this indicator the established leader in C ++. But according to the assurances of the developers, soon of time, it will become the fastest programming language. Second an important advantage is safety. It has improved work with memory, which leaves a minimum of unauthorized opportunities access, and also improved the efficiency of error handling leading to failures. The convenient Playground environment serves as a kind of sandbox, allowing real-time observation of the programming result. ABOUT Swift is highly praised by developers of native applications and games for the AppStore.
Apple represents a significant market segment computers and mobile devices. Therefore, despite narrow focus of the Swift language, the labor market will always be big the number of vacancies for specialists in this direction.
Young programming language released in 2016 by Russian JetBrains. It is simple, convenient and concise, supports and object-oriented and procedural programming. IN currently used primarily for development Android apps. In 2017, Google named it one of the best languages for mobile programming, along with Java Kotlin boasts a high level of performance, because it allows you to write less code to complete tasks, it also has an excellent error prevention mechanism.
According to some analysts, this language has every chance oust Java from the podium of the Android world leader, just like language Swift is slowly replacing the previously seemingly irreplaceable Objective C. Programmers wishing to build a career in the field of mobile development is definitely worth a look at Kotlin. Especially since until it became widespread, specialists who know This language is highly valued in the labor market.
Scripting language that has existed since 1995 and still actively used in the field of web development. It is indispensable for creating sites and plugins for the popular management system WordPress content. PHP language served to create more than half existing Internet sites, including such major portals as Wikipedia, as well as social networks (for example, Facebook uses a modified version of PHP called Hack). The scope of the language is very extensive: from small blogs to major online stores and display sites. More PHP is common in An open platform environment such as MediaWiki.
With all the alternatives available, the leadership of this language in Web programming seems to last a long time. is he supported by almost all hosting providers, and has such benefits like flexibility and easy-to-learn syntax. PHP developers are creating new resources as well as accompaniment of existing ones.
Despite the considerable age, the language created in the 1960s is still the main software tool for working with databases. It was originally designed as simple and a standardized management method, but subsequently became universally used in development. Allows you to create, modify and perform any other operations in such systems, like Oracle, Microsoft SQL, and the like. It is worth noting that although SQL, in its “pure” form and is not considered a full-fledged language programming on the characteristic of Turing completeness, there are a number procedural extensions, the use of which enhances it functionality up to the level of Turing-complete languages.
Replacing SQL will obviously not happen soon, since in this area There are no other explicit leaders yet. And that means this language can rightfully be called popular and significant, although working with databases is not as popular as creating applications or sites.
This open source language was introduced by the corporation. Google in 2009. The main purpose of its creation was to improving programming productivity with multiprocessing. Go is unambiguously code as well simple minimalist syntax. So far, it is used in mainly in the field of web development and server programming, but given the growing popularity, expansion can be predicted scope of use of this programming language.
Attention! This rating is subjective, not advertising and does not serve as a guide to the purchase. Before the purchase consultation with a specialist is necessary.