Review of the best according to the editors. About the selection criteria. The the material is subjective, is not advertising and is not serves as a guide to the purchase. Before purchase is needed consultation with a specialist.
Leonardo da Vinci – a genius who managed to succeed in various fields of activity, he is known as a talented inventor, scientist, architect, sculptor and writer. But the greatest heights of this a bright representative of the era of the Italian Renaissance reached in the art of painting. Although the number that came to us created by him paintings is small, his qualitative contribution to world culture as the artist is simply huge. Thanks to excellent knowledge human anatomy and masterful display of light on canvas, da Vinci took a significant step towards his work realism. His work had a direct impact on the subsequent development of painting both in Europe and far beyond the limits. We bring to your attention a selection of the ten most famous masterpieces that came out from under the brush of da Vinci.
Overview of the most famous paintings of Leonardo da Vinci
|Overview of the most famous paintings of Leonardo da Vinci||10||Adoration of the Magi||4.5|
|7||Madonna and Carnation||4.6|
|6||Saint Anne with Madonna and Child Christ||4.7|
|5||Portrait of Ginevra de Benchi||4.7|
|4||John the Baptist||4.7|
|3||Lady with an ermine||4.8|
|2||Madonna in the rocks||4.9|
Adoration of the Magi
This early work was written in 1480, commissioned by Augustinian monks from the Monastery of San Donato, located in Scopeto, near Florence. She had to decorate the main monastery altar, but remained unfinished due to departure of the artist in Milan. The picture displays the well-known scene from the gospel story: three wise men following the guiding came to Bethlehem with a star to give gifts to a newborn To Christ. Also on the canvas are those who have surrounded Mary and the baby pilgrims and riders in the background.
The composition of the work looks very harmonious, central its part is enclosed in a triangle, the top of which is the head mother of Jesus. Compared to other characters, she stands out peace and calm posture. To emphasize the image the main figure, da Vinci slightly upsets the perspective by making Madonna and baby are slightly larger. The young man standing on the right – this, according to the assumptions of art historians, the author himself at a young age (at the time of the creation of the picture he was about 30 years old).
The painting owes its modern name to the Milan family Litta, in whose private collection she was several centuries. Initially, da Vinci wrote it for the rulers of Milan. Picture women with a baby in her arms was a very popular story in paintings of the late XV – early XVI centuries. Madonna Litta stands out among the works of the famous artist for its harmonious forms, the symmetry of the composition, as well as the balance of light and shadows.
The picture is a very emotional piece, containing implicit but understandable meaning to the attentive viewer. Judging scraps of thread on women’s clothes, common at that time special incisions for feeding were already protection, that is, a child was at the stage of excommunication. But apparently not having endured miserable baby crying, mother nevertheless in a hurry tore the seams and fed him. In the left hand of the baby you can see the carduelis – it is known that da Vinci loved birds, and in his art they symbolized the human soul.
The painting was created by young Leonardo da Vinci in a workshop where he was trained by the artist Andrea del Verocchio. At the heart of this the canvases contain the appearance of the archangel Gabriel Virgo described in the Gospel Mary, when he reports that she is chosen to become the mother of Christ. The heavenly messenger holds in his left hand a white lily, symbolizing the integrity of Mary. In the background, the author placed a vast landscape with a number of trees, mountains and a river that goes into the distance ships. This solution, in contrast to the traditional image this biblical event in the room, allowed to strengthen impression, emphasize the solemnity of the moment.
Although the canvas belongs to the early works of da Vinci, it is already bright the individuality of the painter and his innate talent are visible. He alone from the first artists of his time paid such attention to the background landscape, also no one else before him knew how so carefully and realistic pleats for draperies.
Madonna and Carnation
This work of painting was created by da Vinci at the time when he already became an independent artist and had his own workshop, as evidenced in the Florentine documents. Judging by the recordings of the artist and writer Giorgio Vasari, a contemporary Leonardo, “The Madonna of the Carnation” was intended for the Roman Pope Clement VII.
The picture shows the contrast between a calm, spiritualized mother and spontaneous, energetic child who of all forces trying to reach a flower in her hand. Red carnation so which attracted the attention of the baby, fills the scene with drama, because in the context of religious symbolism of the time represented the future Passion of the Lord. Color range of clothes Madonna harmonizes with the mountain landscape in the background, and the application Sfumato’s technique gives the impression of detachment on her face.
Saint Anne with Madonna and Child Christ
The painting was commissioned by the Florentine church Santissima-Annunziata as the upper altarpiece. The iconography style used here, called the “Anna Three” and depicting the virgin Mary with her mother Anna and little Christ, came to Italy from northern mainland Europe, where it was developed tradition of veneration of St. Anne. It’s hard not to pay attention to the originality with which Leonardo arranged the three characters Plot: Maria sits on Anna’s lap, and she is going to take on hands of his son trying to ride a lamb. Creating this the picture, the artist significantly moved away from the inherent predecessors of tradition. Because he did not like old age and accompanying withering, the grandmother of Christ is depicted in his a beautiful, youthful woman whose age is barely noticeable. Besides Moreover, there is no religious solemnity, decor shown intimate and even with some degree of humor.
The central group is visually inscribed in the pyramid, which allowed create a sense of integrity of the composition. It is also highlighted with using lighting and contrast colors. Smiling faces are tinted da Vinci’s characteristic light sfumato. Figures are on elevations in relation to the viewer, which emphasizes them selectivity, destiny of the highest goal.
Portrait of Ginevra de Benchi
One of Leonardo’s earliest paintings, executed most likely by commissioned by a statesman from Venice Bernardo Bembo. On her depicts the poetess of Ginevre d’Amerigo de Benchi, platonic Bernardo’s love. At that time, the artist was still influenced his teacher Verocchio, as well as the popular Dutch school masters of painting, which was reflected in the severity of the lines, fabulously smooth and marbled pale skin and limited color scheme. The girl’s face contrasts strongly with the located in the background a juniper bush. Interesting that in italian the word juniper (ginepro) is consonant with her name. Atypical for Renaissance era is a woman’s portrait on the street, then it was It is customary to paint ladies indoors.
Experts who first saw the picture initially had doubts about her attribution, since da Vinci practically always paid great attention to hands, here was a chest picture. However, later it turned out that it was pruning (probably its bottom was damaged). Proof of this serve as a found sketch of female hands corresponding to the portrait, and a wreath drawn on the back of the canvas with clearly missing piece.
John the Baptist
The painting “John the Baptist” is one of the late masterpieces yes Vinci. She is not like the rest of the work of the artist who loved surround biblical characters with rich natural landscapes. But a solid dark background very expressively emphasizes the figure of John, which by the way, does not meet generally accepted canons. Instead an ascetic elderly or middle-aged person with a severe facial expression here we see a effeminate youth with soft a mysterious smile, similar to the smile of Gioconda, and falling onto the shoulders curls of well-groomed hair.
However, the canvas contains all the necessary attributes St. John: woolen clothes, a thin cross made of reeds, pointing index finger to heaven. As a model for the image was served by Salai, who was at that time a student of Leonardo. The style of the picture suggests that the artist was one of initiators of mannerism, which later became very popular in the art of Western Europe.
Lady with an ermine
Judging by indirect historical evidence, this is a portrait Cecilia Gallerani, mistress of the Duke of Milan, patronizing the work of da Vinci. Girl dressed in a rather simple dress for those times, on her head transparent cap, forehead decorated with a thin stall. Unlike most portrait painters of the XV century, Leonardo preferred to paint people not strictly in profile or full face, but in a light half-turn of the body, moreover the head is turned in the other direction, which enlivens the figure, highlights shoulder and neckline. In relation to this picture, such a technique allowed also give the female image some mystery.
Cecilia holds a white ermine in her arms. Because cats then were not very common among the Italian aristocracy, in as pets many kept such exotic animals. Given the artist’s penchant for symbolism, ermine most likely depicted here for a reason. In Greek he called “gale”, which is consonant with Gallerani. Also ermine known as a symbol of purity (in terms of court morality, lady could be the favorite of an influential nobleman and still remain formally spotless, unlike the courtesans).
Madonna in the rocks
The painting “Madonna in the Rocks” was created to be placed above the altar of the Milan chapel of San Francesco Grande. The plot is consistent the apocryphal gospel of James, which tells about the meeting Mary with Christ and John the Baptist, whose mother hid him in wilderness during the period of Herod’s extermination of Bethlehem babies. Author masterfully linked characters into a single composition through gestures and pos. The background is a stone grotto, which creates a mysterious, mystical atmosphere, and also echoes the traditional scene Christmas in the cave.
Four figures on the canvas are harmoniously enclosed in a pyramid, and their the outlines are softened by the subtle play of light and shadow. Both is typical of da Vinci’s work. In addition, through the artist perfectly conveyed the depth and volume of shadows. This picture There are two options. The first one was not accepted by the monks due to inconsistency with church canons (lack of halo, cross and some more details), because of this, Leonardo instructed his students write a second canvas, he himself accepted in the process the minimum participation.
“Portrait of Mrs. Lisa del Giocondo” is considered the pinnacle of everything creativity of Leonardo da Vinci and the best example of Italian painting Renaissance. Moreover, the picture at the moment is one of the most famous and recognizable in the whole world. According to the conclusion art historians, portrait depicts Lisa Gerardini, wife of a merchant silk from Florence. According to contemporaries, this canvas occupied a special place in the life of Leonardo – usually reluctant to work to order, the artist devoted “Monet Lisa” almost all his time, even when he was busy working on other works. is he tried to bring it to perfection, fully embodying all his experience and innate talent.
The composition and color of this painting are recognized as reference, also in her unique sphumato method is best disclosed, thanks to which the canvas is filled with diffused light, and the woman’s face seems almost alive. Unusual, as if watching the viewer view of the “Mona Lisa” and her light mysterious smile attracted attention not only experts in the field of art, but also psychoanalysts. Sigmund Freud described her as an avatar at the same time. restraint and seduction, love and threat. Intellectual the spirituality of the face in the portrait is framed in a distant Fantastic mountain landscape.
Attention! This rating is subjective, not advertising and does not serve as a guide to the purchase. Before the purchase consultation with a specialist is necessary.