Review of the best according to the editors. About the selection criteria. The the material is subjective, is not advertising and is not serves as a guide to the purchase. Before purchase is needed consultation with a specialist.
Badges from the times of the Soviet Union are great items for collectibles. The communist government was very fond of this way of encouraging, therefore, such commemorative awards were given citizens for a variety of achievements – from personal to production. At one time, it even spawned a huge number of jokes, including quite poisonous ones.
But now Soviet badges are an even more interesting subject for collectibles than 30-40 years ago. Falerist – namely, called the people who collect these awards – are ready to give large amounts for especially rare and unusual characters. how consequence, before sending the collection of grandfathers to the trash grandmother’s badges, it’s worth a look – suddenly you can help out for them very good money?
For those who want to do faleristics or hope that the collection found on the mezzanine can be converted into a completely liquid currency, we made a rating of the 10 most expensive icons THE USSR.
- Rating of the most expensive badges of the USSR �
- 10 место: “Excellent food industry NKPP” , 1937-1939 годы,40,000 rub.
- 9th place: “On the end of the Navy, type 1”, 1952-1957, 50,000 rub.
- 8th place: “Badge of the Letnab and navigator of military aviation schools Air Force of the Red Army “, 1938, 55,000 rubles.
- 7th place: “Trade Union of Railway Workers”, 1926, 56,000 rubles.
- 6th place: “Badge of the Higher Engineering School of the command staff RKKA “, 1919-1921, 90,000 rubles.
- 5th place: “Excellence in Socialist Competition”, 1944, 95,000 rub.
- 4th place: “Honored Test Pilot of the USSR”, 1959, 125000 rub.
- 3rd place: “Dobrolet”, 1923-1927, 150,000 rubles.
- 2nd place: “Excellent worker of the economy of the Moscow City Council”, 1940, 500,000 rub.
- 1st place: “For the industrialization of the country!”, 1929, 600,000 rubles.
Rating of the most expensive badges of the USSR �
|Nomination||a place||Name of product||price|
|Rating of the most expensive badges of the USSR �||10||“Excellent food industry NKPP” , 1937-1939 year ы||40 000 rub.|
|9||“On the end of the Navy, type 1”, 1952-1957||50 000 rub.|
|8||“Badge of the Letnab and navigator of the military aviation schools of the Air Force RKKA “, 1938||55 000 rub.|
|7||“The Union of Railway Workers”, 1926 год||56 000 rub.|
|6||“Badge of the Higher Engineering School of the Red Army”, 1919-1921 years||90 000 rub.|
|5||“Excellence in Socialist Competition”, 1944||95 000 rub.|
|4||“Honored Test Pilot of the USSR”, 1959||125 000 rub.|
|3||“Dobrolet”, 1923-1927||150 000 rub.|
|2||“Excellent worker of the Moscow City Council”, 1940||500 000 rub.|
|1||“For the industrialization of the country!”, 1929||600 000 rub.|
10 место: “Excellent food industry NKPP” , 1937-1939 годы,40,000 rub.
In 1937, the People’s Commissariat of Industry of the USSR (“People’s Food Committee industry “) established a commemorative badge that was issued the most interesting distinguished employees of enterprises, involved in food production. This commemorative award made of 14 grams of silver, enameled and fixed on the chest with a screw.
The badge, like many other awards of that period, has irregular pentagonal shape. It depicts blue a circle, a beautiful Soviet flag, as well as symbols showing Belonging to the food industry – wheat ears, fish, grapes, food and cornucopia.
The exact circulation of this commemorative award is unknown. In the same time Each of them has a unique number embossed on the back. Among the icons at auction at the time of writing articles can be found copies that are numbered in the range up to 1 thousands. Since these “souvenirs” were issued before the time of the Great World War II, finding them now can be very difficult – let alone preserved in perfect condition and completely impossible.
9th place: “On the end of the Navy, type 1”, 1952-1957, 50,000 rub.
The full name of this icon is impressive – “For the end Naval Faculty of the 1st Leningrad Medical Institute named after I.P. Pavlova. “Therefore, in catalogs it is mentioned by the abbreviation embossed directly on the front side is “VMFAK 1LMI”.
16 gram silver badge coated with multicolored enamel and having a rhombic shape characteristic of the Middle Soviet period, issued in the period from 1952 to 1957. Actually, just as much how many this faculty existed. It was hard to name not so demanded among students, graduates many, but retaining memorable awards among them were still smaller.
However, there are several types of these commemorative awards. Of greatest interest, due to its rarity, is the first. It was equipped with a screw mount, and the bolt was soldered to the shield. For some reason, signs of the first type are very rare, and here is the second one, with a “sewn” into the rhombus mount, a little more often – the truth, cost half as much, even if they are in good condition.
8th place: “Badge of the Letnab and navigator of military aviation schools Air Force of the Red Army “, 1938, 55,000 rubles.
One of the rarest and therefore expensive Soviet badges pre-war period. Performed in the traditional direction (distinctive characters) design – that is, it has a diamond shape. True, the shape of the shield itself is far from standard.
Structurally, the sign is a hollow rhombus made of silver alloy coated with blue enamel. It depicts a symbol Air Force of the Workers ‘and Peasants’ Red Army – Crossed propeller swords, wings and red five-pointed a star. A distinctive feature is the image of a rifle and aerial bombs that demonstrate high military status the owner.
The badge was issued to non-military combat aviation specialists. On him college graduates who showed high skill in mastering the profession of observation pilot (in fact, a scout who determines the situation from the air) and a navigator (specialist in laying out routes and calculating coordinates). Badges were issued for only one year, which determines their rarity and, as a consequence, high cost.
7th place: “Trade Union of Railway Workers”, 1926, 56,000 rubles.
One of the rarest union badges. True, it’s worth it right away. note that such a high price is presented only at a good surviving options. Dug up (the so-called “copanina”), with scuffs and traces of oxidation of particular interest to the phalerist are not present.
This insignia was established at the VIII Congress of Trade Unions railway workers. It was made either of silver or bronze, coated with this noble metal. The icon is pretty large, in he is 40 millimeters high. At the top of the symbol depicted is a green and black colored steam locomotive with red a five-pointed star, in the bottom – the globe and crossed ax and anchor.
As the name implies, only these icons could pretend the most active workers of trade unions of railway transport specialists. The award was issued until 1934. Implies screw mount.
There are two versions of the icon. High cost only silver and bronze. Later, due to the high cost production and a large number of workers of railway transport, began issue awards from tompak and even without enamel coating. They are slightly cheaper.
6th place: “Badge of the Higher Engineering School of the command staff RKKA “, 1919-1921, 90,000 rubles.
“Badge of the Higher Engineering School of the Red Army” – one from the first excellent badges that appeared during the Soviet Union. First its publication was established in 1919 – quite after the formation USSR as a state.
There are several options. But most of surviving to our time – these are issued to students, graduated in electrical engineering. The symbol was executed from bronze and covered with multi-colored enamel. For mounting supposed to use a screw.
This icon is one of the most massive among those represented. is he weighs over 27 grams! The symbol depicts the wrong hexagon inscribed in unusual for USSR symbols �laurel crown, red enamel star and characteristic for engineers sign – crossed plow and hammer. Part of the surviving copies made with an admixture of silver.
The most valuable are the icons of the very first edition. Their main feature is a red star depicted inverted, there are crossed lightning and a sea anchor. In the lower part the letters “IVT” are printed – the name of the educational institution issuing insignia.
5th place: “Excellence in Socialist Competition”, 1944, 95,000 rub.
After the formation of the Soviet Union as a state in many socialist industries were launched competition. Their task was to increase output products by enterprises in order to accelerate industrialization and improving the overall quality of life. Winners of social competitions both material and moral incentives were issued.
Among the latter is the icon. In 1944 social competition covered most of the areas of production, including oil, aviation, military, iron ore, railway, medium and cotton industry. Вeach of them was given its own badges printed directly to the Leningrad Mint (which is displayed in including on the reverse of the award with the symbol “MD”).
Coal industry icons are distinguished by the highest cost. due to their rarity. But the cheapest characters are sold, issued by the People’s Commissariat of Food Industry. Value is also determined safety – the higher it is, the more money you can get on auction icon. It is worth remembering that many of them are inscribed.
4th place: “Honored Test Pilot of the USSR”, 1959, 125000 rub.
In 1959, a decree of the Ministry of Defense of the USSR was established honorary title “Honored Test Pilot of the USSR”, with the assignment of which issued the corresponding badge. His It was supposed to be worn on a tunic on the right, above orders and medals. The first gentlemen of this title were 10 people, then, during years, awards were awarded to another 12 pilots. Among them was Nina Ivanovna Rusakova is the only woman who holds the mark.
In the future, these titles were issued every year – right up to collapse of the Union. But the greatest faleristic value are the icons, issued to the first cavaliers, that is, in 1959. Them as was said above, only 23 copies.
Insignia of the first batch were made at Moscow mint. As the main material used silver, and an extra pad in the form of taking off The supersonic aircraft was made of pure gold. True already next year badges began to be made from less valuable metals. Silver was replaced with an alloy called nickel silver, and gold on tompak.
Each icon has its own serial number. Therefore even Now, using catalogs and archival documents, you can establish the owner of this award.
3rd place: “Dobrolet”, 1923-1927, 150,000 rubles.
In 1923, the air transport was founded in the Soviet Union an organization called Dobrolet. She was introduced pilots included in the voluntary air fleet. Purpose “Dobroleta” was the development of civil airlines specializing on the transport of passengers and goods.
“Volunteer,” according to unofficial historical information, was founded by the highest political ranks and artists of the USSR. At Trotsky himself was one of the main organizers of society. October Revolution and the creators of the Red Army. Emblem “Dobroleta”, brought directly to the icon, was created avant-garde player Kazimir Malevich. In addition, the first posters, urging citizens to invest in this society were painted Alexander Rodchenko – the founder of advertising and design in Soviet Union.
True, despite such a large-scale launch, Dobrolet lasted only 7 years. Already in 1930, the government founded All-Union Association of Civil Air Fleet, which included other civilian air transport organizations (including Zakavia and Ukrvozdukhput).
Throughout its existence, Dobrolet issued Badges showing employees belonging to this society. The most valuable are those released in the first generation – copper color. The rest were already blue, stamped in unknown workshop and therefore are relatively inexpensive.
2nd place: “Excellent worker of the economy of the Moscow City Council”, 1940, 500,000 rub.
In 1940, it was decided to introduce a new award, which would issued to specialists of municipal and municipal services. Even Printed the first test batch. For this commemorative badge The most modern technologies were used, including oxidation designed to keep attractive appearance for a long time.
The badge itself was imprinted in silver. After that he was covered multi-colored enamel and an additional layer of gilding. Therefore he is still and visually beautiful. The award depicts the symbols of peaceful industrialization of the country – Worker and Collective Farm Girl – standing in the background Moscow Kremlin.
Badges were planned to be handed in 1941. However no rewards it happened – the war prevented the government’s plans. therefore the final batch was never printed, there were only several trial copies. All currently known are in museums and private collections, so meet this badge at auction is almost impossible.
1st place: “For the industrialization of the country!”, 1929, 600,000 rubles.
Shortly after the formation of the USSR as a state and completion civil war the government introduced a recovery plan and improving production facilities. He meant not only the legendary “five-year plan”, but also commemorative awards for especially distinguished employees.
These awards themselves were of several “levels.” Existed local prizes, regional, industry. But the highest and therefore, it was especially desirable for many production leaders badge “For the industrialization of the country!”. This award had a very high importance, so it was not given to everyone. There were so few applicants for it that until today only a few copies of these icons have been preserved.
And, due to their rarity, they also retain high value. Only now in monetary terms. “За индустриализацию страны!” – This is the most expensive badge of the USSR. Its true, and buy “just like that” almost impossible. Almost all surviving specimens are in museums and private collections, and the figure of 600,000 rubles is the amount for which he was sold at the last auction.
Attention! This rating is subjective, not advertising and does not serve as a guide to the purchase. Before the purchase consultation with a specialist is necessary.