Review of the best according to the editors. About the selection criteria. The the material is subjective, is not advertising and is not serves as a guide to the purchase. Before purchase is needed consultation with a specialist.
In geysers – high-power sources of water that spatter from the ground like natural fountains – there is something amazing. These objects attract attention and show how little we know about our the planet. The surface of the Earth seems unshakable, rigid, but deep natural forces rage beneath it – and manifest themselves, throwing streams water to great heights.
The “mechanism” of geysers is no less surprising than themselves emissions. Huge masses of water fill the underground wasteland, there heated by heat from magma, boil – and are thrown out like steam flows from a kettle forgotten on a stove. And then the liquid again flows into the caves. And heats up again …
Therefore, many geysers erupt with surprisingly accurate periodicity. And others, on the contrary, at the most unexpected moment. AND to predict when there will be the next eruption of such objects, impossible.
For those who want to marvel at the incredible forces of nature, we collected 10 of the largest geysers on the planet.
- Rating of the largest geysers on the planet
- 10th place: Strokkur, Iceland – up to 40 meters
- 9th place: Giant, Russia – up to 40 meters
- 8th place: Old Servant, USA – up to 56 meters
- 7th place: Malachite Grotto, Russia – up to 60 meters
- 6th place: Giantess, USA – up to 60 meters
- 5th place: Great Geyser, USA – up to 61 meters
- 4th place: Hive, USA – up to 61 meters
- 3rd place: Geysir, Iceland – up to 70 meters
- 2nd place: Giant, USA – up to 76 meters
- 1st place: Steamboat, USA – up to 90 meters
- Bonus: Wymangu, New Zealand – up to 460 meters
Rating of the largest geysers on the planet
|Nomination||a place||name||Ejection height|
|10 largest geysers of the planet||10||Strokkur, Iceland||Up to 40 meters|
|9||Giant, Russia||Up to 40 meters|
|8||Old Servant, USA||Up to 56 meters|
|7||Malachite Grotto, Russia||Up to 60 meters|
|6||Giantess, USA||Up to 60 meters|
|5||Great Geyser, USA||Up to 61 meters|
|4||Beehive, USA||Up to 61 meters|
|3||Geysir, Iceland||Up to 70 meters|
|2||Giant, USA||UP TO 76 METERS|
|1||Steamboat, USA||UP TO 90 METERS|
|Bonus||Wymangu, New Zealand||UP TO 460 METERS|
10th place: Strokkur, Iceland – up to 40 meters
Strokkur is one of Iceland’s most active geysers. is he erupts literally every few minutes, pushing flows hot water up to a height of 40 meters. Such increased activity due to the location of the source.
Strokkur is located in the geothermal region – in the southwest Iceland, near the Hvitau River. Here is the temperature of the soil in The principle is very high. Therefore, rainwater, penetrating the ground, Heats up 1 degree every 20 meters. It is worth noting that due to increased pressure, the boiling point does not occur on the usual mark at 100 °, and at a slightly higher level. Because of this, water, rising, continues to turn into steam.
Near Strokkur there are several more powerful sources, including the most famous in Iceland – Geysir. That’s just it is this object that is erupted often enough for tourists to In any case, we were able to enjoy the power and beauty of nature. AND Geysir “works” extremely rarely. By the way, a separate place in our ranking.
9th place: Giant, Russia – up to 40 meters
In Kamchatka, in the Kronotsky Biosphere Reserve, there is a field called Valley of Geysers. It is the only geological education of this type and at the same time one of the largest in the world. By in size and scale, it can only compete with the park Yellowstone in the USA.
And in this reserve there are two geysers that are part of rating of the largest on the planet. One of them is called – Giant. Its height during the eruption can reach 40 meters!
True, he erupts not periodically. Between emissions can pass from several hours to a day. But at the same time in the air rises to 30 tons of water. However, even if the eruption of the Giant can’t wait, Valley of Geysers will still be able to please a curious visitor. After all, there are more than a dozen large sources and innumerable small ones.
Due to the fact that the shape and topology of the Valley is constantly changing, being here is extremely dangerous. At any time from under the ground can fly out a stream of boiling water. And understand where the next geyser will get from, very difficult – only the largest sources have their own names and marks on the map, but small ones appear, then disappear. This is one of the reasons the passage to the Valley limited. The second is the extreme fragility of the biosphere of the reserve, and human contact can significantly damage the ecosystem.
8th place: Old Servant, USA – up to 56 meters
The old servant is one of the most famous geysers on the planet. is he located in the american national park yellowstone and was opened back in 1870. The source is interesting both in duration and in the frequency of eruptions.
The release of hot water lasts from 1.5 to 5 minutes. During this time to 32 thousand liters of liquid rise to a height of 56 meters! The frequency of eruptions is bimodal and can be either 65 minutes, or 91 minutes. On average, of course. A maximum of two hours.
The old servant is also interesting in that the scientists examined him the vent. As it turned out, it has an oval, “flattened” section, and width varies from 2 to 10 meters. At the bottom of the geyser, water warms up to a temperature of 129 degrees, and then throws in the form of a mixture of boiling water and steam.
The old servant works a little differently than other geysers. He does not accumulate hot water – it comes from low depths. AND explosive boiling occurs at the bottom, almost instant the formation of steam, and this dramatically pushes the volume of liquid up. It is clear that to observe such a source is better at a distance. After all, even on the surface, the water remains hot, and its flows are quite can burn an unlucky tourist.
7th place: Malachite Grotto, Russia – up to 60 meters
Malachite grotto – another geyser located in the biosphere reserve in Kamchatka. The highest of local sources! True, now it’s difficult to catch his “rhythm”, therefore, to predict whether he succeeds in admiring it or not, it won’t work out.
The fact is that in 2007 there was a village in the Valley of Geysers. This is a rather rare natural phenomenon for most of Russia. During the mudflow, water flows off the mountain slopes, mixed with mud and stones. In fact, like an avalanche, only from the soil.
2007 Sel changed the ecosystem of the Valley of Geysers. A bunch of sources, including malachite grotto, were destroyed, damaged or altered. In 2013, another sel. He restored a number of geysers (including the same malachite grotto) and discovered many new ones.
It seemed, you can continue to admire these unusual natural objects. However, in 2014 there was a major landslide, after which only the largest of geysers. Malachite grotto, which earlier erupted not too often, after that, he again changed his form.
Such constant changes are due to the fact that this source located in a cave, and water escapes from its entrance. Therefore landslides and other events change its geometry very much.
6th place: Giantess, USA – up to 60 meters
Giantess – one of the most rarely erupted geysers Yellowstone Biosphere Park. Emissions are only a few once a year! The highest frequency is every two months. However more often eruptions have to wait up to six months.
But the rarity of emissions is compensated by their duration. They can last up to two days! During this time, the streams are hot, practically boiling water rises to a height of 60 meters.
In general, most of the largest geysers in the world (including the most high) is located just in Yellowstone. it due to the unique features of the site. Under national the park hosts a volcanic caldera formed over 630 thousand years ago due to a huge, destructive eruption. AND some scientists suggest that it could explode again – in any time. Though the day after tomorrow. Consequences of the eruption Yellowstone supervolcano will be disastrous for the whole life on the planet, not only the United States, but the rest of the world will suffer.
Now in Yellowstone there are about 3 thousand geysers. This is approximately 2/3 of the total number of sources on the planet. AND that is why it is so attractive for tourists. And here you can admire unique geological formations like A large prismatic spring with a bottom shimmering by everyone rainbow colors.
5th place: Great Geyser, USA – up to 61 meters
Yellowstone Great Geyser – Biggest source of those whose eruptions can be predicted with significant accuracy. Hot water emissions occur at intervals of 1-3 times a day, and are preceded by some natural phenomena like a small shaking ground nearby. A column of boiling water and steam rises to a height of 61 meters.
True, you can only admire the eruption from a significant distance. And this is due not only to the danger of burns. Himself the geyser is in a wetland, so get close to it closer, without soaking your feet to the ears, it will not work.
However, in Yellowstone there is something to admire and besides of this source. There are many in this national park. interesting and unusual objects. For example, right next to A great geyser is a forest of dead trees. Constant contact with salt water and high temperatures led to the fact that growing nearby the pine trees died, they threw needles, and their trunks “mothballed” and now stand with pale white skeletons near the source.
4th place: Hive, USA – up to 61 meters
This yellowstone geyser got its name because of unusual dentate mineral formation from which he breaks out. More precisely, several thousand years ago, boiling water flows rose directly from a crevice in the ground. However, when instant condensation they left marks on the edges of the crack minerals that have now become quite large tubercle.
About the same way stalactites are formed in caves. Only there mineral water drips to the ground in certain places, and here – breaks out from under the soil. Moreover, the height of its rise may be up to 61 meters! Eruptions occur infrequently, about 1-3 times in day, but it is easily predictable.
The secret of predictability is that next to the Hive is twin geyser. Its height is slightly less, a maximum of 7.5 meters, but the frequency is very similar. His eruptions occur in 10-20 minutes to emissions from the Hive.
3rd place: Geysir, Iceland – up to 70 meters
Geysir is the largest and most famous geyser in Iceland. Included in the so-called “Golden Ring” – a tourist route in the territory of the country, implying visits to the largest number thermal sources. During the eruption of Geysir, hot water flows rise to a height of 60 meters.
However, Geysir’s eruptions are non-periodic. They can occur both every half hour and once every several years. So that tourists who caught these emissions were pretty lucky. AND those who arrived at the wrong time can only admire a warm lake with a diameter of 18 meters and a depth of 1.2 meters. Water in it is colored green due to the abundance of microscopic algae, which are extremely pleasant local temperature conditions. A stone is installed on the shore of this lake, saying exactly here is the same Geysir.
By the way, Strokkur geyser, which is in 10th place in our ranking located in close proximity to Geysir, only erupts much more often.
And if you want to be guaranteed to see the eruption of Geysir, then worth coming to him on June 17th. On this date, the National day of Iceland, and the government allows geologists to produce forced release. To do this, soap is added to the source.
2nd place: Giant, USA – up to 76 meters
Giant – another non-periodic Yellowstone geyser eruptions. In principle, it produces emissions rather rarely. For example, in 2013, he erupted 13 times – and this is the maximum for the whole history of observations. So, there were periods when he slept 10-12 months.
But each eruption of the Giant is really impressive. At ejected boiling water mixed with stones rises to a height of 76 meters!
The giant is easy to distinguish from other Yellowstone geysers. Around nozzle is a mineral-soil plaque of complex shape. is he formed in the same way as the “tubercle” near the Hive – water instantly condensed on the surface of the stone, leaving dissolved salts. Over the millennia, plaque has grown to an impressive sizes.
Predict the frequency of giant eruptions in practice impossible. However, this is characteristic of almost all the largest geysers of the planet. Including the leader of the rating.
1st place: Steamboat, USA – up to 90 meters
Geyser Steamboat located in Yellowstone National Park – the largest on the planet. Erupting, he raises the tide hot water up to a height of 90 meters! Thanks to this, the geyser in ejection time can be seen from almost anywhere in Yellowstone.
The discharged water has a temperature of 70 degrees, so It may well cause burns, even among fans of a hot shower. therefore during the eruption it is better to move to a safe distance. And here it is almost impossible to predict the ejection time – between events 4 days or 50 years can pass.
Geyser got its name due to the presence of two additional nozzles. Of these, steam clubs almost constantly rise, which best seen in the cold season. Then they condense so high that they can be seen even beyond the pine forest, surrounding exit point. And it seems like it’s very low a cloud falling to the ground.
Bonus: Wymangu, New Zealand – up to 460 meters
The largest geyser that has ever existed on the planet is This is a New Zealand Waimangu located in the eponymous valley. At emissions, he raised hot water to a height of 460 meters! True, he was active for only 4 years – from 1900 to 1904.
This geyser was aroused by the eruption of the Taraver volcano. It happened in 1886. After that, the released energy accumulated under land, and finally erupted in the form of a geyser Waimanga. Its emissions occurred every 5-30 hours, irregularly, and during events in air rose to 800 tons of hot water.
This, of course, attracted tourists. Onlookers came from all over light look at the impressive eruptions. And unfortunately, this led to an accident. August 31, 1903 four tourists came dangerously close to the neck – and at that moment happened eruption of mud. No one survived.
The last eruption occurred on November 1, 1904. Since Weimangu (by the way, this name is translated from the local language as “black water”) is inactive. It is assumed that the geyser was “put to sleep” powerful landslide, due to which the water level in a nearby lake Taravera fell by 11 meters.
Attention! This rating is subjective, not advertising and does not serve as a guide to the purchase. Before the purchase consultation with a specialist is necessary.