Review of the best according to the editors. About the selection criteria. The the material is subjective, is not advertising and is not serves as a guide to the purchase. Before purchase is needed consultation with a specialist.
View of the majestic mountain peaks can be called one of the most beautiful spectacles in the world, they fascinate, inspire and push to various bold feats. European relief for the most part consists of flat landscapes and cannot boast of such striking mountain ranges like the Tibetan Himalayas, but not less, in its territory there are many high mountains that enjoy popular with climbers. We present to your attention ten highest European peaks. This rating includes Caucasus mountains, which according to most scientists, geographically belong to the European continent.
Rating of the highest mountains in Europe
|Top 10 highest mountains in Europe||10||Bazarduzu||4.1|
10th place – Bazarduzu
Altitude: 4 466 m
Mount Bazarduzu is the peak of the ridge of the Greater Caucasus and It is located on the border of two countries – Russia and Azerbaijan. Her the name is translated from the Turkic language, means “market square”, it came from large annual fairs held in the valley during times of the Middle Ages and collecting merchants from all parts of the world. The mountain received its middle name Kichensuw from Lezgins (indigenous population of Dagestan), it translates as “mountain of fear.” First Ascent to Bazarduzu was made by a Russian researcher and Climber Alexandrov in 1847. The mountain is especially known for at the beginning of the 20th century, a glacier with a length descended from its top about a kilometer.
9th place – Matterhorn
Altitude: 4,478 m
The Matterhorn Mountain Peak is located in the Pennine Alps, exactly in the middle between two ski resorts: Swiss Zermatt and Italian Bray Chevigna. Its curved peak shape resembles cap. For quite some time the mountain remained unconquered, because it awed the climbers awe, but at the end finally a team of climbers led by Edward Wimper decided to climb to the top. This dangerous expedition of 1965 survived only two climbers, four others fell into the abyss in descent time.
8th place – Weisshorn
Altitude: 4 506 m
Mount Weisshorn is located in Switzerland and Italy, it is part of the Pennine Alps. Most of the ridge is located with Swiss side. German Weisshorn translates as “white peak”. The brave have repeatedly tried to conquer the mountain climbers, but all the time the expedition failed. Climb on the peak was possible only in 1861 by a British climber named John Tyndall, accompanied by guides Ulrich Wenger and Johann Joseph Bennen It is worth noting that even today the mountain It is considered dangerous for climbing and amateurs bypass it. It’s all about unpredictability – Weisshorn is known for its gatherings avalanches of snow, as a result of which entire expeditions died. Only the most courageous climbers risk trying their strength in conquering this peak.
7th place – Liskamm
Altitude: 4,538 m
Highlands, part of the Western Alps and consisting of two peaks, located on the border between Italy and Switzerland. She has the frightening name “cannibal” which she climbers appropriated for constant and unpredictable collapse avalanches of snow, numerous boulders dangerously hanging from the ridge and Dangerous for climbing relief. For the first time to conquer the peak of Liskamm succeeded in 1861. An expedition of 14 people climbed the peak among which were eight English climbers and six guides from Switzerland. Pioneers were lucky – climbing It was relatively easy and there were no casualties. Today on the slopes Liskamma goes through many hiking trails for mountain enthusiasts tourism, but dare to climb the peak itself is basically only professionals.
6th place – House
Altitude: 4,545 m
The top of the House, located in the Pennine Alps, belongs to the Mishabel massif. Her name is translated from German means “dome” or “cathedral”, which is a reference to the researcher named Canon Burchtold of Sion Cathedral, which was engaged exploring the area surrounding the mountain. But earlier the mountain was called Mischabel, which translates as “pitchfork” because of its shape – it consists of five spiky closely spaced elevations resembling pitchfork teeth. First climbing the ascent to the House took place in 1858, when the Briton J.L. Davis with two local guides climbed the peak. And in 1917 the first ski climb on the northern slope of the mountain took place.
5th place – Dufour
Altitude: 4 634 m
Dufour Peak is considered a national treasure of two states: Switzerland and Italy. It is part of a picturesque mountain range. Monte Rosa, which in turn is a component of the Penninsky Alps. The name of the mountain comes from the name of the famous Swiss engineer and military topographer Guillaume-Henri Dufour, who created detailed topographic map of southwestern Switzerland. For the first time, a man’s foot stepped on the peak of Dufour in 1855. The climb was made by an international group consisting of mainly from British and French professional climbers led by Charles Hudson.
4th place – Mont Blanc
Altitude: 4,810 m
Mont Blanc Peak, like the previous one, is geographically divided between two countries, one part of it is located in Italy, the other is on the French side. Massif with a total length 50 km belongs to the Western Alps. From the Italian name Mont Blanc literally translated as “white mountain”. The summit was conquered in 1786 the year when Frenchman Jacques Balma and Swiss Michel climbed onto it Pakkar. Mont Blanc is currently known for its developed resorts for lovers of mountain tourism, as well as professional Climbing training centers. From the ski resorts, located at the foot, the most popular are the elite Chamonix and Courmayeur resorts. Around Mont Blanc Peak passes tourist route Tour du Mont Blanc. Also inside the mountain was a tunnel with a length of more than one and a half km, connecting Italy and France.
3rd place – Shkhara
Altitude: 5 193 m
The magnificent peak of Shkhara is located in the central part the main ridge of the Caucasus Mountains and is considered one of the main sights of Georgia. First conquered during 1888 expeditions by a team of climbers from the UK and Sweden. Russian climbers reached the peak a little later – in 1933 year. By the way, despite its staggering height, Shkhara easy to climb, making it slopes are very popular among mountain lovers tourism. Every year, athletes themselves climb to the top at various levels, including non-professionals. Shkhara is also known its breathtaking landscapes, which contributes to the ongoing around the mountain is the picturesque river Inguri, originating from the glacier.
2nd place – Dykhtau
Altitude: 5 205 m
The name Dykhtau is translated into Russian as “steep mountain”, which quite appropriate for a peak more than five kilometers high, one look which can cause dizziness. The mountain is located on the lateral ridge of the Caucasus Mountains, in the lands of Kabardino-Balkaria Alpine reserve. The mountain range has a pyramid-shaped shape with three pointed peaks. The tallest one wears the name of the Chief, but among climbers the most popular enjoys Pushkin Peak, the most difficult to climb. On the slopes mountains laid more than a dozen tourist routes of various difficulty level. The peak was first conquered in 1888. two foreign climbers: Swiss Heinrich Zarflu and Brit Albert Mummery.
1st place – Elbrus
Altitude: 5 642 m
Elbrus is the highest point in Europe and is on the list the seven highest peaks of the world. In terms of geology, it refers to stratovolcanoes, since it is a vent long ago extinct volcano. There is a mountain in the Caucasus Mountains, in Of Russia. It has huge glacial deposits, due to the melting of which feeds many large rivers of the Caucasus and Stavropol Territory. In 1829, as part of a research expedition sponsored by the Russian Academy of Sciences happened the first ever climb to the top of Elbrus. The team prominent scientists led by General George Emanuel. In real peak days are very popular as professional athletes, and among amateur climbers.
Attention! This rating is subjective, not advertising and does not serve as a guide to the purchase. Before the purchase consultation with a specialist is necessary.