Review of the best according to the editors. About the selection criteria. The the material is subjective, is not advertising and is not serves as a guide to the purchase. Before purchase is needed consultation with a specialist.
In the middle of the 20th century, the rural population exceeded the urban population. almost two and a half times in numbers. However developing urbanization rapidly led to the fact that already in 2007 for the first time in human history the number of urban residents has become higher than those who live outside cities. And now United Nations time world level urbanization is over 55%. Statistics allow to predict a steady continuation of this trend – from 2020 to 2025 an increase in urban population of 1.63 percent is expected annually. But there are countries that are an exception to the big picture. Here are ten states in which most of them Citizens are residents of the countryside.
Rating of countries with the lowest percentage of urban residents
|Nomination||a place||Country||Urban percentage|
|Rating of countries with the lowest percentage of urban residents||10||Nepal||19.7%|
|2||Papua New Guinea||13.2%|
The highest mountain country in the world is in southern Asia, right in the middle of the Himalayas. This is a very ancient state, the first references to which date back to the 8th century BC. Of all Nepal’s population reaches 29.3 million people, only 19.7 percent live in cities. The largest city – Kathmandu, where about a million people live. Overwhelming most able-bodied Nepalese are employed in rural households. Half of all cultivated land is reserved for rice fields, wheat, potatoes, corn, tobacco and sugar cane. Since the territory of Nepal consists mainly from mountainous areas and for agricultural purposes only a modest part of it, with the aim of expanding arable fields traditionally used terracing slopes. Land cultivation usually made by hand, inaccessible to most residents expensive means of agricultural mechanization. IN Livestock breeding flourishes in the high mountain regions: breeding of yaks, cows and sheep. In recent decades, more and more the number of Nepalese is involved in tourism. Country enjoys very popular with both lovers of Buddhist shrines and climbers.
South Sudan is still a very young state. since 2011, after secession from Sudan through peaceful referendum. 12.58 million people live in it. Country landscape consists mainly of dense equatorial forests, low mountain ranges and dry steppes. Despite the shortage of suitable for processing land and hot climate, the agricultural industry represents an essential part of the local economy. In South Sudan, grown cotton, peanuts, wheat, sugarcane and many others crops for both domestic production and export. But the key component on which the country’s budget relies is mining oil. Thus, the bulk of the inhabitants work in the fields, on farms, or at enterprises associated with the oil industry. The level of urbanization of the state is 19.6 percent. In the very the big city and capital, Juba, is home to about 200 thousand person.
A relatively small island measuring just over 65 and a half thousand kilometers, located in the Indian Ocean, at a distance of 800 kilometers from the equator. Of the total population of 21.44 million people, 18.5 percent live in cities. Most The southwest coast of the island is densely populated. IN the largest city called Colombo which also performs the role of the capital and the main port, 750 thousand people live. The country’s economy is based on agriculture, tourism and mining valuable minerals. Sri Lanka supplies up to 10 percent of all tea in rubber and cinnamon are also grown here. Island from the old times known for its precious minerals: sapphires, rubies and topazes. Almost half of all blue sapphires come from Sri Lanka. Currently, deposits are not so rich, but mining stones continues. The tourist industry is developing rapidly sphere, providing employment to local residents living nearby historical sights and nature reserves. IN the country has as many as eight World Heritage sites, of interest to travelers, not to mention unique flora and fauna of national parks.
The Independent State of Samoa is located in the Pacific Ocean and consists of from nine islands. It occupies most of the same name. archipelago, the rest of the islands of which belong to the American Samoa The population reaches 200 thousand people. A little bit less than three quarters of the inhabitants inhabit the island of Upolu. Capital Samoa – Apia, is also the only city in the country, therefore it is not surprising that the level of urbanization here is only 18.2%. The agricultural sector plays a major role in the economy, given the industry exports coconut oil and milk, bananas and high quality cocoa. In the 1970s, the islands acted on an American timber company however dissatisfied with it a predatory strategy the Samoan government soon bought enterprises, and took work on the procurement and export of valuable breeds timber under state control. Very developed in the country and tourism sector, bringing up to 25% of gross domestic product product.
Rwanda is an East African state with a population of 12.21 million inhabitants, of whom 17.2 percent are inhabitants cities. The largest settlement, Kigali, has about 860 thousand people. The country’s economy has been hit hard by civil war, which led, including the infamous genocide against Tutsi, during which nearly 20 percent of the total number of Rwandans died. The agricultural industry provides jobs for almost everyone able-bodied population, but lack of mechanization and overpriced the cost of leasing land from the state leads to a low payback labor. Of the products grown, only tea and coffee are exported, the rest is used for domestic consumption. Industry in Rwanda, it is also centered around the processing of agricultural products. But In recent years, the construction of enterprises in the field of mobile technology, which may indirectly contribute to growth urbanization.
Malawi is located in southeastern Africa continent. It is urbanized by 16.9 percent, the total The population exceeds 18.5 million people. The capital is Lilongwe, densely populated city, acting as an administrative and economic center. Most of the country’s territory rainforests with rich flora and fauna. Currently Malawi is in crisis of economy and culture caused by dictatorial regime and armed clashes with the opposition, continuing until the mid-1990s. Literacy rate among the population is catastrophically low (50-70 percent), almost all able-bodied residents are engaged in hard labor in the agricultural sector. On the plantations of tobacco, potatoes and corn often work minors. Livestock traditional for Africa complicated by the spread of tsetse flies infecting livestock sleeping sickness. Of industry in Malawi prevails textile and sugar production; artisanal mining is also carried out gold deposits.
The Republic of Niger (which is often confused with Nigeria) is located in West Africa, its population is 21.48 million person. In urban areas, 16.4 percent of citizens live of the country, the most populous city is the capital Niamey. The state ranks second in the world in terms of poverty, except Moreover, it has an extremely low development index. With this niger possesses sufficiently large deposits of uranium ores, but due to corruption and artisanal mining uranium production brings little income in its national budget. Residents are engaged in agriculture, grow peanuts, sugarcane, millet, sorghum, oranges and much more. Land cultivation is difficult due to long droughts typical of the West African area. Also private livestock is widespread, in complex economic conditions representing a stable source of food for the poor.
The Principality of Liechtenstein is a prosperous industrial state, it is directly surrounded Alpine mountains, between Switzerland and Austria. Of the total population 38.5 thousand countries, only 14.3 percent live in cities, the rest prefer comfortable villages. Basis the economy is the financial services sector – the offshore zone and low taxes made the monarchical state extremely attractive to large business representatives from around the world. In addition, the manufacturing industry is developed, in particular Principality leads in the field of ceramic dental production dentures. Agriculture is represented mainly by winemaking and meat and dairy farming. Thanks to the perfect environmental conditions, the presence of high mountains and an abundance of medieval castles Liechtenstein is also extremely attractive to tourists. Tourism is in the country at the highest level.
Papua New Guinea
In an island nation located in the middle of the Pacific Ocean, on north of the Australian continent, urbanization rate is 13.2%. And no wonder, because relatively recently the ancestors of the natives led exclusively a tribal lifestyle, and many of them didn’t even disdained cannibalism. The latter, by the way, is still occasionally found in the most remote and inaccessible corners of this primitive country. Population of Papua New Guinea reaches 8.25 million people, and in the largest city, Port Moresby, home to just over 283 thousand inhabitants. Outside Papuan cities prefer to settle in traditional huts, forming tribal groups. The economy of the islands consists mainly from subsistence agriculture and mining mineral. The territory is rich in mineral resources, but their development is complicated by the features of the relief, as well as underdeveloped infrastructure. In the agricultural sector a key role plays the cultivation of cocoa beans and sweet potatoes.
Burundi is the least African East African country developed countries of the world. Of a population of 10.86 million people, residents of cities are not more than 13%. Industry for a long time was in decline due to the raging civil war, and only in the late 1990s did some enterprises restore again my job. The agricultural industry provides employment up to 90% able-bodied population, the main crops – tea, coffee, tobacco and wheat. The territory of the state is rich in natural resources such as platinum, the development of which in this time has not yet been adjusted. Over half of the residents poverty line, stable income can only boast owners of small farms located mostly in the east Burundi.
Attention! This rating is subjective, not advertising and does not serve as a guide to the purchase. Before the purchase consultation with a specialist is necessary.