Review of the best according to the editors. About the selection criteria. The the material is subjective, is not advertising and is not serves as a guide to the purchase. Before purchase is needed consultation with a specialist.
Sharks are one of the most advanced marine predators. They appeared about 450 million years ago and practically have not changed to date. And still sharks dominate the seas and oceans, becoming a threat to both fish and marine mammals, and in some cases for a person.
In this material, we have collected the 10 largest sharks in the world, which amaze and impress with their size.
Rating of the largest sharks in the world
|Nomination||a place||Shark||Maximum length|
|Rating of the largest sharks in the world||10||Mako Shark||4.5 meters|
|9||Fox shark||5-6 meters|
|7||Pelagic Largemouth Shark||5.7 meters|
|6||Giant hammerhead shark||7.89 meters|
|5||Tiger shark||7 meters|
|4||Bowhead shark||7 METERS|
|3||Great White Shark||7 meters|
|2||Giant shark||9.8 meters|
|1||Whale shark||20 meters|
10th place: Mako Shark
Mako shark is interesting not only for its size. She is one of the fastest in their family. In pursuit of prey, she is capable of reach a speed of more than 70 kilometers per hour! It is achieved thanks to a rather interesting anatomy including powerful muscular and atypical for a large tail family.
Mako shark lives in almost all oceans, choosing pelagic zone (at a depth of 200 meters). That is, cases collisions with humans are very rare – still people prefer swim near the shore. The main diet of the mako shark is bone fish, who live in the water column. However, sometimes they prey on dolphins.
An interesting feature of the Mako shark is oophagia. Pregnant the female carries eggs that burst even before childbirth. And as a result, small embryos begin to hunt each other directly in the womb.
Mako shark can grow up to 4.5 meters. However, the usual The body size of this fish is about 3.2-3.5 meters.
9th place: Fox shark
The fox shark – it’s the “sea fox” – is very interesting. caudal fin. The length of its upper “pen” can be up to half the size of the whole fish! Moreover, this fin is by no means decoration.
The long tail fin is used by the sea fox for hunting. like a whip. With his strokes, the fish is able to stun the victim. Besides Moreover, it helps to drive prey in flocks. Fox shark mostly ocean fish – mackerel and tuna. Also she able to jump out of the water to a height of about 6 meters and right on fly catching seabirds. People fox shark uninteresting, and those rare attacks are most often caused by direct aggression with human side.
Fox shark is able to grow up to 5-6 meters. Half true from body length – this is precisely a powerful caudal fin. Weigh the most large specimens up to 500 kilograms. Easiest to meet sea fox on the coast of the Indian Ocean, although it is found in almost all the oceans of the planet.
8th place: Six-Shark
Hexagonal shark – an inhabitant of warm waters. She is a bit like on the sea fox, especially due to its long tail to the fin. True, unlike previous species in the ranking, she prefers to stay in shallow water, off the coast.
But living on the coast does not make the six-gill shark dangerous person. She is afraid of people and when meeting with swimmers, she tries to leave to the depths. Shestizhabernik – commercial species. This shark is often caught. and eat (their meat is smoked, salted, dried, put on flour and animal feed). This is partly due to some slowness. fish, although in case of danger or hunting it is capable of quite overclock.
Despite the safety for humans, the hexagon is quite aggressive. He can hunt not only sea fish, but also smaller representatives of their own species. There are cases when large six-gill tried to eat smaller “comrades”, caught on a hook.
Six-shark shark grows to an average of 3.5-4 meters in length (taking into account the tail fin). Maximum registered weight – 590 kilograms.
7th place: Pelagic large-mouthed shark
Pelagic large-mouthed shark – quite rare and poorly understood view. Despite the fact that it is found in almost all oceans of the southern hemisphere at a relatively shallow depth of about 150 meters, because of the small population it is not possible to investigate seems possible.
Pelagic large-mouthed shark – filter hen. That is, she eats not fish, but small marine crustaceans, mainly krill. IN huge jaws are fringed processes on which small teeth are placed. It is through them that the thickness passes water. At the same time, krill and other marine “trifles” remain on the teeth. The areas of skin around the mouth while additionally luminesce, attracting crustaceans.
Despite such a diet, the pelagic large-mouthed shark able to grow to large sizes. Maximum the recorded length is 5.7 meters, although they usually catch less “impressive” specimens with dimensions of 3-4 meters.
6th place: Giant hammerhead shark
The giant hammerhead shark is one of the most recognizable representatives. detachment. She got her name because of this, that her eyes located on rather large outgrowths on the left and right sides heads.
Giant hammerhead shark – heat-loving fish. She is dating on coast of almost all oceans and prefers to stay in warmed by the sun is thicker than water. Most often, a hammerhead shark can to meet on coral reefs, because it is there that she is robbing her production.
Despite the fact that the giant hammerhead shark represents potential danger to people due to their large size and aggressive temper; there were no cases of attack of this fish on humans registered. Favorite prey – stingrays. So, in the stomach of one of more than 50 of them were caught by hammerhead sharks! Often small members of the stingrays become victims, such like sea cats, spotted brackets and even ordinary stingrays.
The maximum recorded size of a giant hammerhead shark is 7.89 meters. Although there are usually instances of length 3.5-7.5 meters. With such dimensions, the fish weighs a little – The maximum registered weight is 453 kilograms.
5th place: Tiger shark
Tiger shark thanks to the fact that it is practically a perfect hunter, is among the so-called “higher predators. “That is, in the habitat, it occupies a dominant position in the food chain. Nobody hunts her.
Tiger shark is able to perform as almost imperceptible movement without causing water fluctuations during patrolling territory or search for prey; and instantly develop high speed, rushing to the victim or floating away from the pursuit. Also she’s not at all picky about food – she preys on fish and crustaceans, and on small dolphins, and on turtles. Like a big white, tiger shark has a sharp sense of smell and is able to smell blood at a great distance. In addition, she boasts excellent hearing, thanks to which it recognizes even distant bursts. This predator is so indiscriminate in food that it can representatives of their own species gobble up.
A tiger shark can grow up to 7 meters in length, but most representatives are 5 meters high. They weigh up to 635 kilograms. Tiger shark is dangerous for humans and often preys on swimmers caught in shallow water in tropical waters. So on Hawaii record about 3-4 attacks annually. Sometimes fish capable of even diving boats.
4th place: Greenland shark
Greenland polar shark – one of the largest inhabitants circumpolar waters. And at the same time – the most dangerous. She is so called the “highest predator” and does not disdain any food. In the diet includes not only local fish, but also seals, even fallen into the water reindeer and polar bears. This predator doesn’t even scavenger disdain.
Moreover, this species is slow. They rarely Develop a speed of more than 2 kilometers per hour. Therefore scared the seal may well swim away from the predator. However, this does not interfere with the shark. to hunt sleeping marine mammals.
The body of the Greenland shark is capable of producing glycoproteins – natural analogue of antifreeze. This helps the predator confidently. Feel even in extreme conditions. So in winter the temperature of the circumpolar waters drops to -2 degrees – and at the same time the fish continues to live, swim and hunt.
Greenland shark is potentially dangerous to humans – only people try not to get into such cold water. Therefore, cases no attacks were recorded. On the contrary, people prey on these predators for the sake of liver fat and meat (and fresh it poisonous, for consumption it is required to be dried up to six months).
This predator is able to grow up to 6-7 meters in length, and weigh – up to 1.5 tons.
3rd place: Great white shark
Great white shark, it is also a cannibal shark or karharodon – one of the most famous representatives of the class of cartilaginous fish. It is she – the main character of the films “Jaws” and similar blockbusters that brought mind fame and eerie glory. However, people of Karharodon uninteresting – and appear in the diet only in rare cases.
The eater shark feels good both in warm and in cool oceanic waters, but most often it can be found on temperate coastal shelves. Her largest colonies located near California and Australia, as well as in South Africa. Insofar as the main food supply of this predator is pinnipeds (seals and so further), it can often be found on populated by these mammalian archipelagos.
However, the cannibal shark is not too picky about food. She and eats fish and shellfish. Cases of eating carcasses of the dead are recorded whales and crocodile hunting. On average, about 6-7 are recorded white shark attacks per person per year, with about 20% of which are fatal. Attacks Reported karharodona on small boats.
Great white sharks can grow up to 5-7 meters in length, and maximum recorded weight was almost 1900 kilograms.
2nd place: Giant Shark
A giant shark, she is gigantic – one of the largest representatives of his family. And it’s not at all dangerous, because it does not look like a predator in the classical sense of this term. Yes, and it is found in remote places, choosing for habitats cold and temperate waters. Her even off the coast of Antarctica can be found.
Of greatest interest is the method of hunting this fish. It, as well as pelagic or whale, feeds on krill and other marine “little thing.” True, no teeth (not counting some amount of rudimentary), neither “whalebone”, nor even lamellar she has no outgrowths in her mouth. When hunting, the fish simply opens its mouth and begins to swim. Water is filtered through gill slots – and on them krill and other “sea trifles” remain. However, this method nutrition is justified. Shark able to filter up to 2 thousand tons of water per hour!
The giant shark lives up to its name. She is capable grow to 9.8 meters in length. Moreover, females are usually much larger than males. The maximum recorded weight was 4 tons.
This species has no interest in humans, does not represent danger and not afraid. However, swim close to his Representatives not recommended. Gigantic Shark Scales sharp scales. However, this did not stop people from catching these fish – and for the sake of fat, which managed to heat 300-800 liters! Now the demand for blubber has fallen, and therefore the fishing of this underwater the giant has declined.
1st place: Whale Shark
Despite their huge, truly gigantic and impressive size, the whale shark is not at all dangerous to humans, not for other mammals, nor for fish. It – filtering agent, that is, feeds on krill, which catches, passing through the oral cavity with special processes.
However, the mouthpiece of this filter is quite interesting. If a in the pelagic latitudinalus in the mouth there are processes with teeth, in giant there is nothing but gills, then the whale has special cartilage plates. They form in the fish’s mouth something similar to grill. Water passes through the cartilage plates, but krill and another zooplankton is not, becoming the prey of an animal.
Of course, such a large fish needs a lot of food. therefore it can conduct near the surface where zooplankton is most up to 7.5 hours a day. A fish swims slowly, slowly, sometimes completely stops in place and just shakes his head, passing water through the filter mouth.
In general, the whale shark is very lethargic and slow. She is not pays attention to external irritants, often even ignoring people passing by. Divers can safely touch her skin – and even to this she does not react in any way. That is why their periodically caught for fat and meat.
Commercial fishing combined with a slow breeding rate and lethargic character led to the fact that the whale shark now is on the verge of destruction. According to scientists, the world has remained no more than 1000 individuals.
The maximum recorded body length of a whale shark is 20 meters, but mostly there are specimens 10-12 m long. A the biggest weight is 36 tons.
Attention! This rating is subjective, not advertising and does not serve as a guide to the purchase. Before the purchase consultation with a specialist is necessary.