Review of the best according to the editors. About the selection criteria. The the material is subjective, is not advertising and is not serves as a guide to the purchase. Before purchase is needed consultation with a specialist.
Scorpions are animals from the class of arachnids, the order arthropods. They are recognized by the characteristic structure of the body: small cephalothorax, long body with six pairs of limbs and tail, ending with telson – a segment with a needle through which from the glands poison arrives. The forelimbs – chelicera – are around the mouth and help chop food. The next pair resembles claws that makes these animals look like crayfish and crabs.
In humans, scorpions often cause fear. Some of them really dangerous and can kill with your bite. They are wide represented in culture – just remember the corresponding sign the zodiac. There is a legend that a scorpion is able to kill itself when help your poison, in a hopeless situation, for example, being on fire. Most likely, this is not true.
The danger of these arthropods does not necessarily depend on the magnitude – large species are relatively peaceful and often do not have a strong poison. Because big scorpions are interesting as a strange animal, which, following some precautions, can be kept at home. Those that are larger than everyone else will be are listed here.
- Rating of the largest scorpions on the planet
- 1st place: Heterometrus swammerdami (up to 29.2 cm)
- 2nd place: Hadogenes troglodytes (up to 23 cm)
- 3rd place: Pandinus imperator (up to 20 cm)
- 4th place: Pandinus cavimanus (up to 20 cm)
- 5th place: Parabuthus villosus (up to 18 cm)
- 6th place: Parabuthus transvaalicus (up to 11 cm)
- 7th place: Androctonus australis (up to 11 cm)
- 8th place: Androctonus crassicauda (up to 11 cm)
- 9th place: Leiurus quinquestriatus (up to 11 cm)
- 10th place: Androctonus bicolor (up to 8 cm)
Rating of the largest scorpions on the planet
|Nomination||a place||View of Scorpio||Length|
|Rating of the largest scorpions on the planet||1||Heterometrus swammerdami||29.2 cm|
|2||Hadogenes troglodytes||23 cm.|
|3||Pandinus imperator (up to 20 cm)||20 cm.|
|4||Pandinus cavimanus (up to 20 cm)||20 cm.|
|5||Parabuthus villosus (up to 18 cm)||18 cm.|
|6||Parabuthus transvaalicus (up to 11 cm)||11 cm.|
|7||Androctonus australis (up to 11 cm)||11 cm.|
|8||Androctonus crassicauda (up to 11 cm)||11 cm.|
|9||Leiurus quinquestriatus (up to 11 cm)||11 cm.|
|10||Androctonus bicolor (up to 8 cm)||8 cm.|
1st place: Heterometrus swammerdami (up to 29.2 cm)
The largest scorpion ever found refers to the species Heterometrus swammerdami. This giant reached 292 mm in length and weighed 56 grams. Found him in India when he was walking The Second World War. The average sizes of individuals are noticeably smaller – 17-23 cm.
Heterometrus swammerdami, also known as giant forest scorpion, lives in India and Sri Lanka. The body is painted black or brown with a red tint. Characterized by powerful claws, which he kills his prey. Scorpio goes hunting at night, grabbing not only insects, but also small vertebrates. Poison to the hunter comes in handy rarely and therefore rather weak – people usually don’t die from it.
The large size of this species attracts amateurs. To keep this animal at home, you need a closed terrarium in which similar to natural conditions will be supported – high temperature and humidity, access to water, moonlight lamp at night.
2nd place: Hadogenes troglodytes (up to 23 cm)
This scorpion is called stone or flat. The birthplace of the species is South Africa, from where it is spread to various parts of the world collectors of exotic animals. Hadogenes troglodytes loves hot climate, can live both in humid tropical forests and in deserts. During the day, usually hides between stones and in various crevices, goes hunting at night. It feeds on insects, preferring crickets.
Stone scorpion is one of the most common species held in home conditions. It is characterized by slow growth – molting occurs no more than twice a year, and to achieve maximum Sizes require several years. Stone scorpion is a long-liver, with good handling, he is able to “exchange the fourth ten.” It is also characterized by relative unpretentiousness and not very dangerous poison.
Contain Hadogenes troglodytes in a terrarium at a temperature 23-27 ° C and humidity 65-75%. Scorpion rarely needs food, content with a few insects or a piece of liver once a a week. However, you need constant access to water and shelters – stones, coconut shell or tree bark.
3rd place: Pandinus imperator (up to 20 cm)
This species lives in the central part of Africa, in equatorial rain forests. Reaches 20 cm in length, different large claws and a black body cast in green or blue. Telson and claws are painted reddish brown. It looks like this the scorpion is quite impressive, for which it was named imperial.
The imperial scorpion usually settles in forest soil, digging up to 30 cm underground. Sometimes a hole can be replaced by a convenient shelter in fallen leaves or under tree bark. It feeds at night – catches insects with its claws. Stings only large prey, which cannot be held. Claw grip is quite painful, but poison this scorpion is almost not dangerous for people, with the exception of allergy sufferers.
Like a shallow scorpion, Pandinus imperator is popular for captivity. Ideal conditions – temperature 27-32 ° C during the day and slightly higher than 20 ° С at night, high (about 80%) humidity, dim light, constant access to fresh water. Fed him with crickets sprinkled with vitamin supplements. The imperial scorpion is growing faster stone, reaching maturity in 2-2.5 years.
4th place: Pandinus cavimanus (up to 20 cm)
Another Pandinus scorpion, about the same size with the imperial. Like P. imperator, prefers warm and moist territories of Africa, representatives of the species can be found in Tanzania, Kenya, Congo. The body is red-brown, including claws – it is called Tanzanian red claw scorpion.
Pandinus cavimanus eats rather large prey – mice and other rodents, frogs, can eat insects. Capable of for a long time, for several months, do without food, in captivity often goes on a hunger strike. When kept in a terrarium requires almost the same conditions that the imperial needs, keep individuals You can only singly.
Tanzanian red claw scorpion is more aggressive imperial, often applies his sting for self-defense. Bite a representative of this species causes a person no more harm than bee, but often among those whom he stings repeatedly, Hypersensitivity is formed.
5th place: Parabuthus villosus (up to 18 cm)
The fifth largest is the representative of the genus Parabuthus. It is smaller than the Pandinus scorpions – females grow up to 12-18 cm, males do not even reach that size. Typical coloration – brown-black body, amber claws and legs. In addition, it occurs black uniform, characterized by a gray-black case and red-brown limbs, and orange is a reddish body and orange-brown claws.
This view is active at sunset and dawn. Preys on mice and lizards, immobilizing them with a telson blow. Unlike representatives of the genus Pandinus, its main hunting tool is it’s a poisonous tail, not claws, because it can be dangerous and for a person. Scorpio can not only inject poison when bitten, but and shoot them at a distance of 1 meter. After receiving his dose severe pain in the affected area, inadequacy behavior, in some cases – a violation of the heart, respiratory paralysis and death.
This type is not recommended for those who are poorly skilled. handle scorpions. And he does not live very long – only 6-7 years old.
6th place: Parabuthus transvaalicus (up to 11 cm)
P. transvaalicus, or African thick-tailed scorpion, lives in South Africa, Zimbabwe, Mozambique, Botswana, inhabiting deserts and other arid places. Painted black with a brown tint. color, height of adults 9-11 cm. It differs in thin weak claws and a thick tail. Young scorpions are light, with fragile exoskeleton.
P. transvaalicus lives in the soil, often hides among the bushes, in the sand, under the stones. Can make a distinctive rattling sound by rubbing the sting on the surface of the body, most likely to scare away enemies. Eats any animals of suitable size – insects, spiders, worms, amphibians, reptiles, rodents, own young growth. Propagated in the warm season.
The sting of this scorpion is not inferior in thickness to the rest of tail. It contains enough poison to kill a person. Special a bite is dangerous for allergy sufferers – in their case it can end fatal anaphylactic shock.
7th place: Androctonus australis (up to 11 cm)
This scorpion, reaching a length of 9-11 cm, inhabits Indian tropical forests and deserts of North Africa. Individuals may be found among stones, on hillsides and even sand dunes. His the species epithet is not related to Australia and means “southern”. Body entirely painted in light yellow, from other scorpions This color is distinguished by dark spots.
Unlike other desert animals, Androctonus australis does not digs into the ground to survive sandstorms. Thanks he is able to survive the special granular structure of the exoskeleton weather without damage, even when flying sand peels off the paint from steel. A similar surface was “borrowed” in the aircraft industry, when creating airplanes and helicopters.
Generic name – Androctonus – translated from Greek means “murderer.” This is one of the most dangerous scorpions, Each year there are several victims who died from his bite. The danger is compounded by the fact that this species often appears in populated areas, can hide in cracks in the walls of buildings. Besides In addition, individuals live on cacti, which in some countries used as hedges.
The poison contains neurotoxins, as well as immunostimulants, which cause damage to the tissues of the heart and lungs. Heart failure may remain even after cessation intoxication, throughout a person’s life.
8th place: Androctonus crassicauda (up to 11 cm)
This representative of the genus Androctonus is black thick-tailed scorpion – lives on the Arabian Peninsula, Middle Eastern and Central Asian countries, as well as in North Africa. Like A. australis, loves arid places – deserts and dry foothills. It is usually painted black, sometimes dark brown or reddish.
Scorpion feeds on insects and small vertebrates. Like many other desert animals in sources for drinking do not Needs content with metabolic water. Can take cover on areas where people live, in the gaps of fences and houses.
The poison Androctonus crassicauda is very dangerous for children and people with heart disease – often lethal. Because non-professionals do not It is recommended to keep it at home. Captive Thick-Tailed Scorpions Settled in terrariums where low humidity is maintained (20-35%) and the temperature is slightly higher than room temperature (22-29 ° C). Feed them 1-2 times a week with insects, mice and lizards. Sometimes individuals refuse food for several weeks or months.
9th place: Leiurus quinquestriatus (up to 11 cm)
Leiurus quinquestriatus, or yellow scorpion, inhabits the territory of the Middle East, the Arabian Peninsula and the North Africa, in desert places. Lives in the holes that it pulls out independently, crevices among stones and voids under them, climbs on the dunes. Differs in straw yellow color and length body 9-11 cm.
With dusk, the yellow scorpion goes hunting for insects, which kills with his sting. Usually individuals with strong claws that can hold prey are weakly poisonous, and vice versa. At A human bite causes pulmonary edema, often leading to death. However there are poison components that have a therapeutic effect – their used to treat brain tumors and diabetes.
Despite the danger, this species is quite affordable in the market. exotic animals. In some countries for yellow scorpion needs a special license, sometimes it needs to be excluded the ability to escape the animal from the terrarium. Terrarium should be protected from the sun, heated to 30 ° C in the daytime, the air is medium moistened (50-60%). This species, unlike Androctonus crassicauda, a drinker with fresh water is needed.
10th place: Androctonus bicolor (up to 8 cm)
This species is similar in appearance to A. crassicauda. Body is painted in brown and black, which is why the scorpion got a species an epithet meaning “two-tone”. Shorter length than others representatives of the genus – only 8 cm. It moves very quickly and has an aggressive character.
Androctonus bicolor loves warm and dry places. Distributed in North and West Africa, the Middle East. Can hunt similar in size animals, such as mice and lizards, which immobilizes with poison and then with the help of sharp chelicera tears extraction and sucks out the liquid contents.
Two-color scorpion venom is rapidly absorbed and acts on The human nervous system is paralytic. Bite victim feels pain in abdomen, impaired coordination of movements, paralysis of the cervical muscles. Quite often, a stop occurs within a few hours breath and death. This species is more dangerous than larger scorpions, able to cope with prey without the use of poison.
Attention! This rating is subjective, not advertising and does not serve as a guide to the purchase. Before the purchase consultation with a specialist is necessary.