Review of the best according to the editors. About the selection criteria. The the material is subjective, is not advertising and is not serves as a guide to the purchase. Before purchase is needed consultation with a specialist.
There are about 350 thousand different species on our planet. flowering plants. They cover all continents of the globe, not is an exception even Antarctica where they grow on mountain slopes in the relatively warm season. The world of flowers is rich his variety of colors, shapes and sizes, and he is far from fully studied by people. Most of these amazing plants quite small, but there are among them those that can called real giants. We present you the ten largest colors in the world.
Rating of the largest flowers in the world
|Overview of the largest flowers in the world||10||Peonies||5.0|
Peonies are plants from the genus of perennials, they are grassy, shrubby or semi-shrubby. The diameter of the flower is from 15 to 25 centimeters, grow one by one, sometimes reach a height one meter. Distributed in subtropical and temperate regions Europe, Asia and North America. These plants were used in decorative and medicinal purposes for many centuries, new varieties peonies were first bred by gardeners in the imperial palaces of China about two thousand years ago. And until today they enjoy with great honor in the territory of the Middle Kingdom – every year in the city Luoyang County (Henan Province) hosts a peony festival, which attracts over 210 million tourists from all over the world. The name of peonies comes from the name of the healer Peon, who, according to myths, he knew how to heal from wounds not only people but also gods. This type of flower is often used for garden decor and in landscape design. They are unpretentious, do not require complicated care, and during the flowering season, they are pleased with beautiful large buds. Peonies are blooming in late spring or summer, depending on the variety.
Depending on the variety, hibiscus can be either woody and shrubby forms. The largest of them have flowers can reach 25 centimeters in diameter, while the height of the plants – from two to four meters. Each flower grows separately and has a bright, saturated color. Hibiscus is most commonly found in Asian countries and the Polynesian islands, from where they were already imported to other countries. In Malaysia are considered a national symbol. They belong to the family malva, all these plants exist more than two hundred species. In favorable warm conditions, hibiscus blooms profusely from the last month of spring until the very end of the summer period.
Clematis, also called clematis – a genus of perennials from the ranunculaceae family, numbering about 300 different species. It occurs in temperate latitudes on all continents except Antarctica. Grows on rocky cliffs, in gorges, along the coast rivers, on hillsides, sometimes in the steppes. Use clematis as garden and greenhouse plant in Western Europe started back in the 16th century; in Russia, it appeared in the 19th century. Most its varieties are curly vines with powerful root system, the weight of which sometimes reaches 5 or more kilograms and large flowers with a diameter of 20-25 centimeters. Clematis flowering lasts 3-4 months in a row. Plants are in demand by gardeners who use them to create hedges.
Hydrangea owes its name to the French botanist Philibert To Commerson, according to the most common version, he decided to give the new flower is the name of Princess Hortense, who was the sister of the prince Roman Empire Nassau Siegen. The plant is widely distributed on east of Asia, over time it was imported to other countries for decorative application. Most types of hydrangeas are shrubs growing up to three meters in height. Plants are both evergreen and deciduous, although in the temperate zone mainly deciduous species grow. They bloom late spring and continue to bloom until the very end of summer. Inflorescences have the shape of an umbrella or ball, their diameter sometimes exceeds 25 centimeters. Hydrangeas are quite demanding on the soil, for their good development moist soil with a high level of acidity is required.
Sunflower or sunflower – an annual plant from the family Astrov. Came from Central America, from where it subsequently was brought to Europe by the Spanish conquerors. Judging by the archaeological finds, the Indians cultivating this plant almost two thousands of years ago, sunflower was revered as a symbol of the sun god. European residents have long used sunflowers for garden decoration, and only from the 19th century began widespread production vegetable sunflower oil. In Russia and some in other countries they are the main oilseed crop. Title sunflower is obliged by the ability to turn inflorescence after the movement of the sun across the horizon. Stem height is usually one and a half to two meters, flower baskets have a diameter of up to 40 centimeters. Sunflower seeds contain a significant amount of minerals and vitamins, in addition to oil extraction, they are also widely used in culinary industry.
The plant is found in the Andean mountains, as well as in reserves on territories of Bolivia and Peru. It is remarkable as its unusual shape and gigantic dimensions. Inflorescence pouilly Raymondi may reach 10 meters in height, while its diameter is about two seconds half meters. It belongs to the bromeliad flower family, It was first discovered in 1830. Named after Italian-Peruvian scientist and naturalist Antonio Raymondi, carefully studied a unique plant and dedicated his treatise. Puiya Raymondi grows in dry and rocky terrain, survival in such harsh conditions provides powerful, branched root system that absorbs moisture from the soil. Thanks to the DNA analysis carried out by scientists, it became known that the plant has come down to our days almost unchanged since prehistoric times. The life span of a pui is from 50 to 150 years. It blooms only once for all time, after which it fades for a few months.
Stapelias grow in a dry semi-desert area in the south and southwest African continent. These are succulent plants belonging to the Kutrov family. During flowering among long fleshy shoots blooms several five-petalled flowers with elongated edges. They are completely covered with light pile, and their the diameter is about 35 centimeters. Like all types of slipway, the giant emits an unpleasant rotten odor reminiscent of a smell spoiled meat. It serves to attract flies that are the main pollinators of this plant. However, the giant stapelia the smell is not so pronounced, unlike other varieties, therefore, it is it that is most often found in greenhouses.
Monocarpic plant, also known as Talipotova palm tree, found in India, Sri Lanka and some other countries South-East Asia. Some instances are able to grow to 25 meters in height, and the diameter of the base of their trunk reaches one and a half meter. Palm trees are decorated with huge fan leaves, and in the period flowering over the leaves, at the top of the trunk, appears impressive yellow-white inflorescence about five meters in size. The plant blooms only once, in the interval between 30 and 80 over the years of life. About a year after the appearance of flowers, it brings up to two tons of small yellow-green round fruits, and shortly after the fruiting process, the palm tree dies. On the Sri Lanka Corifa umbelliferous is considered a national tree, and locals make umbrellas, fans or apply them as roofing material.
Arnold Rafflesia was first described by English naturalist Joseph Arnold, a member of a scientific expedition on the island of Sumatra. In honor of him and this flower was called, known among the locals as “bunga patma. “Besides Sumatra, rafflesia grows in humid tropical forests of Indonesia and Malaysia, the Philippines and the island of Borneo. The plant does not bloom for long, only a few days, huge flowers weighing from 8 to 11 kilograms and a diameter of up to one meter. Each flower consists of five thick rounded petals three centimeters. Stalks of leaves and even roots in Arnold’s Rafflesia absent, because it parasitizes on vines of the genus Tetrastigma, receiving from the owner all the necessary substances. Pollinated flower flies to attract which exudes fetid rotting the aroma.
Another huge plant with an unpleasant odor is amorphophallus titanic. Initially, it grew in the tropics of Sumatra, but at this time is almost completely destroyed by people, and to see it most often possible in the botanical gardens of different countries of the world (total no more than 125 specimens of the species). The flower is striking in its size – it can grow from two to three meters in height, and its mass is approximately 75 kilograms. Interesting that the plant differs also by record growth rates, in the period before the first by flowering, he adds 7 centimeters daily. But blooms and amorphophallus is fully revealed only for a few days, after which falls into prolonged hibernation. Pollination of a flower occurs after account of flies and bugs, which is the reason, in fact which the giant produces an aroma resembling the smell of rotting meat.
Attention! This rating is subjective, not advertising and does not serve as a guide to the purchase. Before the purchase consultation with a specialist is necessary.