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The depths of the seas and oceans hide from human eyes many interesting, including a great variety of representatives aquatic fauna, most of which are fish. Which of are the biggest fish? We suggest you learn about ten the largest representatives of this group. Some may be surprised that the collection lacks such huge animals as whales, but there is a simple reason for this – whales, with all their outward similarities with fish, they are not, but belong to the class mammals.
Rating of the largest fish in the world
|10 biggest fish in the world||10||Mako Shark||4.1|
|8||Greenland polar shark||4.3|
|5||Great White Shark||4.6|
A large and dangerous predator that lives in the waters of the Pacific, Atlantic and Indian Ocean. These sharks can grow to length of four and a half meters and weigh more than 550 kilograms. The name “Mako” was given to her by representatives of the Maori tribe, her name is also blue-gray herring and black-nosed shark. Mako prefer warm tropical and temperate waters, can be found both in open sea, and in close proximity to the coast.
These sharks are notorious for their aggressiveness towards to humans, although according to research, they do not consider people as potential prey. Most often, the victims become excessively curious divers or fishermen (there are cases when sharks even jumped aboard boats). Although due to the tendency of mako to swim in coastal zone, sometimes ordinary hazards are also tourists.
Mako sharks tend to stay close when searching for food. from the surface of the water, falling no deeper than 150 meters. They are excellent hunters – their thin, extremely sharp, bent inwardly teeth are ideally suited for capturing prey, and high mobility and streamlined elongated body shape with short fins makes it easy to develop constant speed 35 km / h. During short throws for prey, a shark may move at a speed of 75 km / h and jump out of the water to a height of six meters.
Blue marlins are found in the warm waters of the Atlantic, especially in tropical regions. The largest of the individuals reach five meter length and weight more than 800 kilograms. Marlin’s body has blue or blue, the so-called lance, very strong and long process of the jaw, amounting to 20% of the total body length. Fish skillfully use their “weapon” in hunting process, crashing into a school of small fish and causing them wounds.
As a rule, large blue marlin prefer to swim individually, and only smaller individuals can gather in groups 5-10 individuals. During seasonal migrations they swim a distance of over 11 thousand kilometers, sailing at a speed of approximately 70 km per day.
Blue marlins are not very caring parents, their fry are growing by themselves, most often being eaten by other predators. But those who manage to avoid this fate grow up very at a fast pace (up to 16 mm per day) until reaching one and a half meters long, then growth slows down. Females grow longer and have larger sizes, surpassing the males several times. Despite their formidable appearance, marlins are quite peaceful and calm animals. Their only enemy in nature is large sharks.
This fish is very much appreciated by fishermen, hunting for it is even considered a separate kind of sport fishing. In addition, her meat is considered a delicacy, and especially appreciated by lovers of Japanese cuisine.
An interesting fact – the image of blue marlin is present on Bahamas official emblem.
Greenland polar shark
As the name implies, the habitat of the polar shark are the cool waters of the North Atlantic Ocean, and they are especially common near Norway, Greenland and Iceland.
Sharks grow to a maximum length of six and a half meters, their weight is about a ton. This view distinguished by its excellent adaptability to living in cold – they can quite comfortably swim in water, temperature which ranges from one to seven degrees Celsius. In winter sharks stay close to the surface, in the summer, when the water is a little warms up, sink down to a depth of 500 meters. Survive in cold water bowhead shark allows secreted by the body trimethylamine, which acts as a natural antifreeze and preventing blood clotting. A curious feature is lack of kidneys and urinary tract, urea is excreted from the body just through the skin. This makes their meat almost unusable in food, so sharks are of little interest to fishing fishing. On the other hand, their population is declining by hand. 20% of the total weight of poachers hunting the liver body and serving for the production of technical fat.
Despite the slowness and phlegm, the polar shark – formidable predator. Not only large fish can become prey, but also seals, and sometimes even polar bears.
Beluga is not only one of the marine giants, but also the largest freshwater fish. Some individuals prefer to live in river waters, most choose the sea. But both spawn exclusively in clean fresh water. Beluga lives in Black, Azov and Caspian Sea. Her torso is distinguished by the presence of sharp bone ledges stretching along the sides of the fish. She possesses excellent sense of smell thanks to the large antennae, but the teeth absent altogether. So your prey is simply a beluga swallows. The diet includes a variety of shellfish, marine worms, but most often fish. Although there have been cases when large individuals young calves swallowed.
The largest representatives of the species weigh one and a half tons and have more than four meters in length. But to such a size, the beluga can only grow at sea, as freshwater does not contain enough the amount of food to gain a similar mass.
Under normal conditions, Beluga live long, sometimes up to 100 years, with this growth continues almost throughout life. TO Unfortunately, most fish do not reach half of the possible duration due to poachers because caviar and tender Beluga meat is highly sought after on the black market. The cost of caviar reaches several thousand euros per kilogram. In view of this beluga listed in the Red Book, and its catch is strictly prohibited.
Tiger sharks, also called leopard sharks, owe their the name of the unique spotty coloration covering the upper part their torso. Representatives of the species live in tropical and subtropical waters of the Pacific Ocean, often swim on the coastal shallow water. These sharks love warmth and migrate after the year. behind the movement of warm currents.
Reaching five and a half meters in length and a weight of 1,500 kilogram, tiger shark is an extremely dangerous predator. Most of the diet consists of large and small fish, marine snakes, turtles and migratory birds. However, prey of tiger sharks may also become dolphins and even wounded whales. in view of its indefatigable gluttony does not disdain this predator and cannibalism – large individuals often attack their weaker relatives. Tiger the shark has the ability to capture low-frequency sound waves and incredibly sharp sense of smell, reacting to the slightest the presence of blood in water. Her main weapon is sharp teeth, able to cut even tortoise shell.
Many cases of tiger shark attacks on people in the waters are known. Florida, the Caribbean and especially Hawaii. However, the sharks themselves often fall prey to humans, they are caught for meat, skins and especially fins.
The main enemy in the natural habitat is, no matter how strange, very small hedgehog fish. Swallowed by a shark, she swells, releasing sharp spikes piercing the stomach predator.
Great White Shark
One of the most famous sharks has a very frightening appearance. view. A predator reaching six meters in length and two tons of weight, has a streamlined body, capable of developing high speed in water, and his huge jaws with hundreds of sharp teeth have tremendous compressive force that can easily bite through thick bones marine mammals. In addition, the great white shark is endowed with a special kind of reflective cells in the eyes, due to which it can to see in the dark, with a keen sense of smell, and in addition sensory receptors.
This species can be found almost everywhere except the North The arctic ocean and cold waters below the southern coast of Australia. She feeds mainly on large fish, as well as seals and sea lions. A large white shark attacks people enough. rarely, because he prefers large, fat-rich prey. However, provoked, or being too hungry, she becomes a formidable adversary capable (as shown Mythbusters experiments) break a boat or destroy anti-shark cage.
Besides poachers catching sharks for fins, which then go on cooking the infamous soup, the main orcas are considered enemies of the great white shark. High intelligence and the strength of these mammals often allows them to triumph in hassles with sharks.
The beautiful name of the moon fish is explained by its a bluish-silver disc-shaped body devoid of scales. The English version of the name translates as “sun fish”, it was given because of her inherent habit of rising to the surface, it seems like a moonfish love to bask in the sun. Actually she rises so that seagulls can be removed from their beaks beneath her skin parasites. But it does not tolerate excessive heat, water temperature more than 10 degrees Celsius may even turn out to be destructive, so that most of his life, the moon fish spends at a depth of about 200 meters, away from hot sunny rays.
With a length of only about three meters, the weight of representatives of this species can reach 2.2 tons. Despite such impressive size, moon fish is vulnerable to predators. Due to unusual shape body, lack of a back fin and a swimming bladder it is extremely slow and slow to swim. Even in order to turn around, the moon-fish have to release a stream of water through their mouths. In view of of this, the hunter from her is not very skilled, the main part of the diet make up siphonophores, jellyfish, squid, eel larvae and small crustaceans.
Moonfish is known as the most prolific fish in the world – for one once the female produces up to 300 million eggs.
Manta – the largest slope in the world, reaches its “wings” 9 meters, and the weight can reach up to 3 tons. Manta name in translation from Spanish means “cloak”. Before scientists started explore these amazing animals, in relation to them superstition that manti can attack divers and drag them to the bottom, clasping with its large flexible fins, like a cloak. Of course, it is now known that this type of skates is not dangerous. for a person. Their second name – the sea devil, was given for the head fins that when swimming fold into tubes, becoming like horns. These fins play an important role during the hunt. manti, with their help she directs a stream of water containing plankton and small fish.
Manty are very popular among tourists, because spend most of their time near the surface, and swimming It looks very beautiful, resembling the soaring flight of a huge bird. They also like to bounce high (up to 1.5 meters), publishing a deafening sound when dropped back into the water. Manta rays They are distinguished by their peacefulness and being curious, they often let them in divers.
Representatives of this species live in all oceans, preferring temperate waters, and only occasionally swimming in the tropics. Their migration directly related to a change in the amount of plankton due to seasonal temperature changes. Plankton makes up the main food of these giants. In places of its accumulation, they swim with their mouths open, filtering through its gill slits up to two thousand tons of water in hour. Giant Shark Stomach Can Hold 500 Kilograms plankton.
Large individuals grow to almost ten meters in length and have weight about 4 tons. The shape of their body is like a cigar, and a huge the cave-like mouth is able to easily accommodate a person. Of course, these sharks do not hunt people and do not represent at all no danger. However, divers are not advised to touch. giant sharks, as there is a chance of getting injured sharp growths with which their scales are covered.
The largest fish in the world, in length some individuals can reach 20 meters and weigh more than 30 tons. This species has an unusual head structure – the mouth is exactly in the middle slightly flattened muzzle, and not at the bottom, like other sharks. is he equipped with thousands of small teeth that are really intended at all not for hunting, but only play a role in the feeding process. Last, By the way, it can take 6-7 hours, at this time a shark filters out up to 6,000 cubic meters of water, swallowing plankton and small fish.
Whale sharks prefer to swim in packs in warm waters. oceans. Most often they can be found near Taiwan, Seychelles, Southeast Africa and the Philippines. They also live near Australia Like giant sharks, whale sharks make seasonal migrations in search of places rich in food.
The majority of the time individuals spend at the surface of the water, sometimes swallowing air so as not to lose buoyancy. Whale shark different extremely calm and even apathetic temperament. She swims very slowly, at a speed of about 5 kilometers in hour, making smooth wave-like vibrations at the back torso.
Due to uncontrolled fishing, this species is endangered and listed in the Red Book, and catch and sale are prohibited by most states. In the natural habitat, enemies in adults there are practically no individuals. However, the population of these sharks grows extremely weak due to slow reproduction.
Whale sharks are of great interest to tourism, because they are quite calm with divers, allowing touch yourself and even ride on your back, holding on to the top fin.
Attention! This rating is subjective, not advertising and does not serve as a guide to the purchase. Before the purchase consultation with a specialist is necessary.