Review of the best according to the editors. About the selection criteria. The the material is subjective, is not advertising and is not serves as a guide to the purchase. Before purchase is needed consultation with a specialist.
The bell is an ancient musical instrument preserved by present. It has a domed shape, inside of which there is a “language” that helps to make sounds that are with nothing impossible to confuse.
It sounds at church services, as well as holidays. According to legends this instrument helps to heal with the help of its sound from diseases, cast out demons, go into yourself during meditation. IN bells rang during war or fire warning people about danger.
The bell can be of various sizes. There are small Valdai bells with a delicate melodious sound, and there is huge, like a giant in Beijing, emitting a majestic ringing, audible at a great distance.
For those who want to catch the imagination, we made a rating the biggest bells.
- Rating of the largest bells in the world
- 10th place: Big Bell (Beijing) – 46.5 tons
- 9th place: Cathedral bell (Nizhny Novgorod) – 64 t.
- 8th place: Bolshoy Uspensky bell (Moscow) – 65 tons
- 7th place: New Tsar-Bell (Sergiev Posad) – 72 t.
- 6th place: Chimes (Japan) – 74 tons
- 5th place: Mingun bell (Myanmar) – 90 tons
- 4th place: Bell in Silaysi Monastery (Liuzhou, China) – 109 tons
- 3rd place: Bell of Happiness (Pindinshan, China) – 116 tons
- 2nd place: Tsar Bell (Moscow) – 203 tons
- 1st place: The Great Bell Dhammazedi (Myanmar) – 297 tons
Rating of the largest bells in the world
|Overview of the largest bells in the world||10||Big Bell (Beijing)||46.5 TON|
|9||Cathedral Bell (Nizhny Novgorod)||64 TONS|
|8||Big Assumption Bell (Moscow)||65 TON|
|7||New Tsar Bell (Sergiev Posad)||72 TONS|
|6||Chimes (Japan)||74 TONS|
|5||Mingun Bell (Myanmar)||90 TONS|
|4||Bell at Xilaysa Monastery (Liuzhou, China)||109 TONS|
|3||Bell of Happiness (Pingdinshan, China)||116 TONS|
|2||Tsar Bell (Moscow)||203 TONS|
|1||The Great Bell of Dhammazedi (Myanmar)||297 tons|
10th place: Big Bell (Beijing) – 46.5 tons
In 1733, by order of Ruler Yongzheng of the Qing Dynasty, The Temple of Awakening (Great Bell) was created in China. Is he in Beijing, Handyan District. In the sanctuary, the rulers of China prayed for well-being of the country and its people.
The temple itself was given a second name because of the giant bell Yunle, that was brought from the temple of Longevity. 46.5 t alarm bell. “Growth” – 6.94 meters, diameter – 3.3 meters. Yunle castings used various combinations of metals.
The ringing of a giant can be the most diverse: from quiet and melodic, to piercing and echoing, affecting everything around yourself at a distance of 15 km. But not only the gigantic melody the tool is his property. Engraved on the dome Buddhist sutras.
A ringing rings 108 times when a festival reigns in China. By to beliefs and legends, any person in these minutes can get rid of 108 troubles and misfortunes.
It is worth noting that it is China that is considered the birthplace of the bell, in which four thousand years BC, was cast “firstborn”. By he owes his legend to the daughter of a courtier named Adorable Flower. The girl threw herself into a tub of boiling metal, to dispel the evil spell that impedes the creation of a musical instrument. Since then, the bells have sounded clean and a little dreary. notes.
9th place: Cathedral bell (Nizhny Novgorod) – 64 t.
In Nizhny Novgorod, where the Oka and Volga merge, is located huge campan. It was established in honor of the acts of Minin and Pozharsky. In 1612, the Nizhny Novgorod militia, led by two heroes, liberated Moscow from the invasion of the Baltic troops.
The size of the campanus is one of the three big brothers of the Russian Federation. Heaviness – 64 tons, diameter – 4 m. Casting took place in 2012 at the Baltic Plant in St. Petersburg.
“Cathedral” is decorated with convex images of the pious Macarius Zheltovodsky, Seraphim of Sarov; also present images of princes Alexander Nevsky and George Vladimir – the founder Nizhny Novgorod.
The festive reception of the bell took place in the summer of 2012. And already in August, residents of Nizhny Novgorod heard the “voice” of the musical giant. The note “salt” was distributed around the district, announcing that “Cathedral” – at home.
8th place: Bolshoy Uspensky bell (Moscow) – 65 tons
This bell has one of the most interesting destinies. It was cast in 1760 and 1817 by the same master – Yakov Zavyalov.
The first option was already amazing in size. To swing the tongue weighing 2 tons for punches in both directions, it took five people.
In 1812, the giant was defeated during the capture of Moscow French troops. Due to the explosion in the Kremlin was destroyed Assumption belfry. The rest of the bells, despite the small damage remained intact, unlike his fellow.
Emperor Alexander I took care of the revival of the bell recruitment, and in April 1817, with the permission of Archbishop Augustine, “Assumption” was broken into pieces. They were transported to the Mikhail factory Bogdanova.
A year later, the ninety-year-old Yakov Zavyalov using a cannon masters Rusinov, made the final version in honor of the victory over Napoleon. To give the bell a symbol of victory in the war with the French, it included bronze of captured enemy guns.
August 27, 1819 the big “Assumption” was raised to Ivan the Great Bell Tower in the Kremlin.
The giant weighs more than 65 tons, its tongue is 1.2 tons, its diameter is 4.2 meter.
Each row of the bell is decorated with two rows of six medallions. On one side you can see the waist relief emperor liberator Alexander I, to the left and right of him – images of the mother of Tsar Maria Fyodorovna, as well as the Empress Elizabeth Alekseevna. Above is the icon of Jesus Christ, to his right is the mother of God, to his left is John the Baptist. Another portraits of three Grand Dukes, younger brothers are cast to the side Alexander I: Constantine, Nicholas and Michael. On the medallion on top the Assumption of the Virgin is engraved, and on the sides are St. John and Alexy. A voluminous patriotic inscription is cast on the bell: “Their corpses covered the space from the capital of Russia to the limits her “- a laudatory song to Russian weapons and victory over the French.
“Assumption” before the revolution of 1918 regularly called for Easter, and after he became silent for many years, until 1993.
Ringleaders love the bell, call it alive. All from the fact that after twelve hits are made, the giant is still a long time vibrates as if breathing.
7th place: New Tsar-Bell (Sergiev Posad) – 72 t.
The bell tower of the Trinity-Sergius Lavra at the beginning of the XX century. famous for their “children.” One of them, Tsar Bell, was distinguished by its thick and strong ringing.
Casting took place in 1748 especially for the laurel by order of Tsarina Elizabeth Petrovna. In 1759, through three hundred assistants the “giant” was planted on the porch.
In January 1930, the anti-religious revolution took place. Were everywhere bell ringing is prohibited. From the bell tower of the Trinity Lavra of St. Sergius 25 bells were dropped, among them Tsar, Godunov and Kornoukh.
In 2000, the Head of the Russian Orthodox Church Alexy II blessed the program for restoring the historical tune of laurels, and in 2003 it was cast and placed on the first-born ringer, and then already the “Evangelist.” They are analogues of Kornoukhi and Godunov.
The new “Tsar” was given a second life at the Baltic factory in St. Petersburg.
Its casting is unique in that it was carried out in nine furnaces. IN Composition included metals such as copper and tin.
The new masterpiece is decorated with relief compositions and inscriptions – the story of the bell. Eight names engraved on surface. The benefactors who donated funds to reconstruction of the monument of Orthodoxy.
Weighs 72 tons, diameter – 4.5 meters. To swing the tongue four people are required.
They delivered the “Tsar” to Sergiev Posad on special sleighs. Had to increase the gates of the monastery so that the giant passes through them.
April 16, 2004 Russia’s largest huge bell was posted on the belfry of the Trinity-Sergius Lavra. And already on May 30, 2005 about five thousand people held their breath then to hear the long-awaited ringing of a resurrected masterpiece.
6th place: Chimes (Japan) – 74 tons
In Japan, in the city of Kyoto, stands the Tion-yin Buddhist temple, founded by the monk Honen in 1175. It is the main temple of the school. Jodo-Xiu, which means “Clean Earth”.
One of his wonders is the “chimes” – a 72-ton huge bell made in 1636. His “tongue” is heavy a beam at the ceiling, which the monks have to swing. To the giant rang, seventeen people help to “talk” his.
The giant hangs on huge rings. Legend has it that before that they could not bear the weight of the Japanese bell and broke. But only only with the help of the masters of Musamune and Muramas for the manufacture of swords, the miracle of Tion Ying Temple no longer fell.
A tool is compared to a watch for a reason. New Year’s Eve Years are made 108 alarm clocks. Legend has it that during these blows to people are released from their 108 worldly sins.
5th place: Mingun bell (Myanmar) – 90 tons
In the 1880s, photographer Felix Beato traveled to Burma. Imagine his surprise when the man saw a gigantic bell almost completely standing on the ground. Without losing either minutes, the photographer took a picture that circled the whole world. So people learned about the Mingun bell.
In 1808, the ruler of Burma, Bodopaya, ordered the foundry masters to make a bell on which he had his own plans. Bodopaya wanted to give status with the help of a new “favorite” the largest temple of the stupa of Patkhodauji.
The casting of Mingun was carried out according to an accurate and rigorous recipe: gold was added to copper, then silver, then iron, and the end is lead. All this is necessary for unsurpassed sounding and tool strength.
The result was a giant weighing 90 tons and a height of 3.5 meters. FROM loop for hanging all 7 turned out.
The diameter of the dome is 5 meters.
The pride of Emperor Bodopaya was established in the city of Myanmar, on the banks of the Irrawaddy River. For the delivery of valuable cargo, two were used. interconnected barges. Two channels were laid for successful operation.
Also, for the purpose of installation, two pillars of stone were prepared. The beam served as thick logs. Due to the severity, Mingun is not long could lift to hang on it. An order was issued to wait. rainy season. When the channels were filled with water, the bell was hung on crossbar.
The hopes of the ruler of Burma did not come true. At the end of March 1839 A terrible earthquake happened. The pillars collapsed and the bell collapsed. Thanks to the durable alloy, Mingun remained intact, but still for many years stood on the ground until Felix Beato (who mentioned at the beginning of the article) did not take the legendary shot of the bell, which all of Europe has learned.
In 1896 the alarm was raised and hoisted on a steel beam. Remembering about an earthquake, pillars made of reinforced concrete. Also over Mingun erected a wooden pavilion with a multi-tiered roof.
Since then, Myanmar residents and tourists have enjoyed melodic ringing the bell. The peculiarity of the giant is that it does not have “tongue”. The sound is extracted using a teak clapper, which can pick up any person and “talk” with Mingun about beautiful.
4th place: Bell in Silaysi Monastery (Liuzhou, China) – 109 tons
If the bells that we talked about earlier are historical monuments, then this “baby” has yet to be to become. He is not only one of the largest, but also the most “young” giant in our ranking.
In 2009, Silaiza Monastery located in Liuzhou ordered making a bell to a Chinese screw factory Wuhan heavy industry concern Prior to this, the largest alarm manufactured at the same enterprise for the Hanshasa Temple in Suzhou.
Work on creating another Buddhist monument was in full swing 11 months.
Two years later, in June, a “baby” weighing 109 tons was born, 9 meters high and 6.06 meters in diameter.
According to Su Jianguo, secretary of the factory party committee, The surface of the dome is engraved with prayers. Their total volume is 92,306 characters
In the summer of 2010, the bell was delivered to Liuzhou.
3rd place: Bell of Happiness (Pindinshan, China) – 116 tons
Not much is known about this bell. Today he is one of the largest active alarms in the world. His weight is 116 tons, height – 8 meters, diameter – 5.1 m.
“Bell of Happiness”, like the previous one in the ranking (located in Silaysa Monastery) – a rather “young” alarm. It was cast in December 2000 and immediately after that was installed in a temple called Foquan Temple in Pingdingshan. Next to this building by the way, is the Buddha statue of the Spring Temple – the highest a monument to this deity in the world, 128 meters from the base in the form lotus to the top.
Like many other Buddhist bells, Happiness is languageless. Instead, they hit him with a special mallet, smashing a booming but very melodic ringing in the vicinity. On the surface bells engraved numerous hieroglyphs and Buddhist ornaments.
2nd place: Tsar Bell (Moscow) – 203 tons
This “giant” has never cast a voice, but is the emperor bell towers of Russia.
His “great-grandfather” was made by craftsman Andrei Chokhov in 1600. Weighed 40 tons. He managed to serve long enough until he crashed when fire in the middle of the XVII century.
In 1652, Sovereign Alexei Mikhailovich orders a new cast version. The case is taken by Danila and Emelyan Danilov. To the light appears “grandfather” weighing 130 tons. The sound of the “giant”, unfortunately, sounded not long. In 1654, during the battle of the Christmas chimes, the “giant” crashed.
In 1668, the master Alexander Grigoryev made the “father”. Everything seemed to be fine. Durable bell pleased with its ringing people over thirty years old. But the evil “rock” touched him. In the year 1701 alarm bell burned out due to fire.
In 1730, Empress Anna Ioannovna decided to revive the “Tsar” by of life. Many refuse to work, including French mechanic Germain.
As a result, the case was entrusted to Ivan Motorin.
A ten-pit foundry pit was dug on Ivanovskaya Square meters – to form a bell.
Fate seemed to hinder the creation of a “son.” First happened accident during the first casting. In 1735, Ivan Motorin died. A business continued son Michael.
In the fall of 1735, the work was almost completed. Weighed “King” 203 tons, its height is 6.6 meters, the diameter of the dome is 6.24 meters.
It only remained to attach the “language”.
Graceful bas-reliefs with images served as decorations on the dome. Tsar Alexei Romanov and Empress Anna Ionovna; baroque floral ornament with saints Jesus Christ, Virgin Mary, Apostles Peter and John; diamond mesh with floral motives. In the center of the lower medallion is carved the text: “Lil this bell Russian master Ivan Fedorov, son Motorin, with his son Mikhail Motorin. ”
Ironically, the bell could not be pulled out of the foundry pit because of weight. And two years later there was a fire, the flame of which captured foundry pit.
People, fearing that the bell would melt, poured water on it. because of the temperature difference broke off a piece weighing 11.5 tons.
One hundred years, “Tsar” lay in the pit until 1836. With the help of complex devices managed to get a heavy bell. He was hoisted on a pedestal on Ivanovskaya Square, and a fragment was placed beside it. The “language” was borrowed from another bell.
Today the “Tsar” is a grandiose historical monument Of Russia.
1st place: The Great Bell Dhammazedi (Myanmar) – 297 tons
In the XIII-XVI centuries. the territory of modern Myanmar occupied Hantavadi State. Its inhabitants, passionate Buddhists, regularly abide by the laws of their religion.
The ruler, a former monk named Dhammazedi, decided in 1480 conduct a census. Officials instead of orders began collect taxes from citizens.
When the news reached Dhammazedi, he was beside himself with anger. Officials, afraid of losing their heads, assured the ruler that everything they will invest the stolen money in creating the largest bells in the world for one of the temples. Dhammazedi could not resist against this proposal.
Preparation for the casting took several years, and by 1484 everything was ready.
Suddenly the court astrologer intervened. According to his calculations, this time was not favorable for casting. Stargazer advised to postpone the production of the alarm, otherwise it’s just won’t make a sound.
Excited Dhammazedi and transferred the casting. And yet, when the bell was ready, no one liked its ringing. If you believe to local legends, workers disobeyed the ruler by making a bell in wrong time. Fortunately, over time, the ringing leveled off and became cleaner.
The size of the “giant” was amazing. 297 tons of weight. Size over six meters. The diameter of the dome is 3.5 meters. Surface adorned gems.
Nabat was placed in the Shwedagon pagoda, which served as a repository relics of the great righteous.
Soon, the treasure of Hantavadi was also found in Europe. Traveler from Venice Gasparo Balbi was delighted with the bell, about which recorded in his diary. He paid no less close attention decorations and letters on the surface of the dome. Europeans alone admired the bell, while others plotted the evil. Tragedy has come from Portugal.
The sailor Filipe de Brito e Nicot was reputed to be an adventurer. In the 17th century he entered the service of the ruler of the kingdom of Myau-U, Minyazat. Miau-u Hantavadi’s eternal rival. Brito e Nicot quickly collected an army of locals and Portuguese to conquer the southern part Myanmar. In 1608, taking advantage of the internecine war in Burma, the Portuguese took off the alarm. They planned to transport him on a raft to the city Siriam and melt into guns.
In the very middle – the confluence of the Bago and Yangon rivers, the raft fell apart and the bell went to the bottom on which it rests to this day.
According to local stories, higher powers saved Myanmar’s treasure from tragic end.
Attention! This rating is subjective, not advertising and does not serve as a guide to the purchase. Before the purchase consultation with a specialist is necessary.