10 best insulation for the roof

Review of the best according to the editors. About the selection criteria. The the material is subjective, is not advertising and is not serves as a guide to the purchase. Before purchase is needed consultation with a specialist.

Warming is the most important stage in the construction of houses in Of Russia. Cold penetrates through windows and doors, foundations and walls. Builders pay special attention to thermal insulation of the roof. Even it is not planned to make a living space under the roof, it is necessary put a reliable barrier to cold masses. Today at the construction the market offers a wide range of heat insulators, they differ not only cost but also technical characteristics. Tips our experts will help you choose the most effective insulation for the roof.

Recommendations for choosing a insulation for the roof

  1. Weight. When designing a roof structure architects focus on the weight of building materials. This is especially important for flat roofs, where a lot of it accumulates in the winter. snow. Therefore, the insulation is selected easy so that minimize the load on the rafter group.
  2. Thermal conductivity. Critical technical feature insulation is thermal conductivity. The lower this indicator, the better material retains heat in the house. Density and Thickness heat insulator is selected taking into account climatic features region.
  3. Durability. Since the roof has been built for decades, then the insulation must retain its properties for many years. For a period of services are influenced by factors such as moisture resistance, resistance to temperature extremes. Destroy thermal insulation the layer can be insects, rodents, birds, fungus and mold. therefore insulation should not cause interest from pests.
  4. Soundproofing. When in the attic space is planned make living rooms, it is important to take care of sound insulation. IN First of all it concerns metal roofs. Otherwise during rain or hail have to use headphones or ear plugs.
  5. Environmental friendliness. Today, during construction, people are special focus on environmental friendliness. Therefore, choosing a heater, you should give preference to materials safe for humans.
  6. Fire safety. In the attic space over the years a dry environment is created that poses a high risk of fire. Many private sector fires began in the attic. Preference must be given to non-supporting heat insulators combustion.

We have selected the top 10 insulation for the roof. All of them implemented in the trading network of Russia. When allocating seats, the editors The magazine relied on the arguments of the expert community, taking into attention reviews of domestic users.

Rating of the best insulation for the roof

Nomination a place name rating
Rating of the best insulation for the roof 1 Foamed polystyrene foam 5.0
2 PIR plate 4.9
3 Mineral wool 4.8
4 Ecowool 4.7
5 Fiberboard 4.6
6 Foam glass 4.5
7 Expanded clay 4.4
8 Polyurethane foam 4.3
9 Styrofoam 4.2
10 Glass wool 4.1

Foamed polystyrene foam

Rating: 5.0

Foamed polystyrene foam

In recent years, it is widely used in construction foamed polystyrene foam. Experts explain the popularity material near useful properties. Highly sought after excellent heat-insulating qualities. Only due to foil layer can reflect about 97% of thermal radiation. Additional extruded polystyrene protects the cold. Second material advantage – excellent waterproofing ability. A variety of thicknesses (10 … 100 mm), lightness and ease of installation. The insulator wins in our review.

Consumers have identified some weaknesses, but thanks proper technology can level their impact on the roof. For example, protect the foil with special preparations from oxidation atmospheric moisture.

Advantages

  • small thickness;
  • ease;
  • ease of installation;
  • multifunctionality.

disadvantages

  • over time, the foil oxidizes.

PIR plate

Rating: 4.9

PIR plate

The last generation insulation is considered by experts of the PIR-plate. Polyisocyanurate is the basis of this heat insulator, externally it reminds polyurethane foam. Strengths of the material are considered high heat transfer resistance, resistance to heat (up to 200ºС), mechanical strength. Due to inertness to moisture and insulation for chemical compounds does not require additional protection. PIR plates come in several forms. So kraft paper products suitable for warming attic rooms, and products with outdoor fiberglass and bitumen interlayers are successfully used for flat roof devices. Insulator service life reaches 30 years old.

Users consider PIR-plates the most attractive insulation for the roof. Only a high price becomes an obstacle when purchase.

Advantages

  • excellent thermal insulation properties;
  • moisture resistance;
  • variety of modifications;
  • strength.

disadvantages

  • high price.

Mineral wool

Rating: 4.8

Mineral wool

Highly popular among domestic builders mineral wool. This heat insulator may have a different basis. If before the insulation was made of hazardous fiberglass, then today it has been replaced by more environmentally friendly materials, for example, basalt. The experts gave the minvata bronze of our review for fire safety and biostability. Another great plus mineral wool is an affordable price. In the roofing cake insulation is laid between rafters or beams overlap.

Users managed to accumulate rich experience in operation mineral wool. Of the pluses noted ease of installation and versatility application. The disadvantages include an increase thermal conductivity when wet, as well as shedding insulation with over the years.

Advantages

  • affordable price;
  • universality of application;
  • simple installation;
  • fire safety.

disadvantages

  • deterioration when wet;
  • crumbles over the years.

Ecowool

Rating: 4.7

Ecowool

The most environmentally friendly insulation today is ecowool. Exactly this quality has led to increased demand for material with side of modern homeowners. The product is made from waste pulp and paper production. Shredded paper, cardboard, newspapers are impregnated with flame retardant and antifungal drugs. Ecowool is applied using special equipment, forming continuous layer of insulation. Experts praised and noise insulation properties of ecowool, which will be useful when installing metal roofing.

Builders have identified several product flaws. it hygroscopicity and caking, which over time increases thermal conductivity of the interlayer.

Advantages

  • environmental friendliness;
  • formation of a continuous layer;
  • effective sound insulation;
  • penetrates into inaccessible cavities.

disadvantages

  • installation complexity;
  • it is required to replenish the ecowool volume over time.

Fiberboard

Rating: 4.6

Fiberboard plates

Thanks to innovative technologies, woodworkers learned to turn waste into valuable building material. Fibrolite slabs are compressed wood-based raw materials in which cement is added and natural mineralizers. The choice in favor of fiberboard experts do because of environmental friendliness, durability, low heat conductivity and good sound insulation properties. The material is light weight, it easy to install, the roofing cake becomes vapor permeable and fireproof.

However, despite reasonable prices, users are wary relate to fiberboard. This is due to poor durability. moisture and temperature changes. But eco-friendly qualities are often outweigh these cons.

Advantages

  • environmental friendliness;
  • strength;
  • good heat and sound insulation;
  • ease of installation.

disadvantages

  • low resistance to moisture and temperature extremes.

Foam glass

Rating: 4.5

Foam glass

Another innovative insulation got into our review. Foam glass began to produce recently, after mastering a unique technology foaming silicate glass. The heat insulator finds wide application, when installing the roof most often used plates. Experts value the product for environmental friendliness, fire resistance, resistance to biodefeat and record service life (about a century). IN Insulation, rodents and birds do not form a layer of insulation. Builders are satisfied with the ease of installation, the material is easy to cut hacksaw. However, the high price does not allow the insulation to become popular building material in Russia.

Not only high cost stops consumers. Foam glass does not pass steam, in addition, a large weight should take into account when calculating the load on the rafter group.

Advantages

  • durability;
  • environmental friendliness;
  • fire resistance;
  • resistance to biodefeat.

disadvantages

  • high price;
  • a lot of weight.

Expanded clay

Rating: 4.4

Expanded clay

Among loose heaters expanded clay holds the lead. These small pebble stones are great for filling the space between the beams under the roof. Except excellent heat-insulating properties, expanded clay effectively absorbs sounds. But The main advantages of expanded clay, according to experts, are reasonable price and durability. The heater does not start insects, rodents or birds, the material is resistant to biodefeat. TO the advantages of a heat insulator should include environmental friendliness.

Installation of insulation is extremely simple, but carrying bags in the attic is not the most pleasant thing. Yet it is important when installing the thermal insulation layer not to damage brittle clay pebbles, otherwise the thermal conductivity will increase.

Advantages

  • affordable price;
  • resistance to biodefeat;
  • durability;
  • environmental friendliness.

disadvantages

  • Do not damage the pebbles;
  • narrow scope.

Polyurethane foam

Rating: 4.3

Polyurethane foam

An effective roofing heat insulator is polyurethane foam. This insulation consists of two liquid components, which mix right before work. PPU is applied using special equipment, thanks to which uniform layer without joints and seams. The thicker it turns out heat-insulating layer, the less heat loss will be. The experts pay attention to the need for the manufacture of crates, because material does not pass steam. High price does not allow PPU yet take a higher place in our review.

Domestic homeowners flatter themselves on thematic forums about insulation properties such as resistance to biodegradation and moisture. But the noise insulation qualities leave much to be desired. the best.

Advantages

  • continuous heat-insulating layer;
  • insects and birds do not start;
  • resistance to biodefeat;
  • not afraid of moisture.

disadvantages

  • high price;
  • complexity of installation.

Styrofoam

Rating: 4.2

Styrofoam

At all stages of the construction of houses, foam is used. The material is good in that it has many modifications. For each type of work, you can choose sheets with the desired density and thickness. Due to its light weight and ease of use, the foam is used high popularity. Pleases users and affordable price. Experts recommend paying attention to roof insulation polystyrene of the PSB-15 brand. But fill the space between the beams better with another heat insulator. What prevented the material rise higher in our review?

First of all, builders complain about the smallness and low foam strength. It is easily damaged by mice and birds. Between panels form gaps, which are additionally close up with foam. The disadvantage of the material is and flammability.

Advantages

  • ease;
  • ease of installation;
  • affordable price;
  • wide range.

disadvantages

  • Tinyness
  • breaks easily.

Glass wool

Rating: 4.1

Glass

One of the most affordable heat insulators remains glass wool. Today, thanks to modern technology for the manufacture of insulation uses natural materials such as sand, limestone, soda, dolomite, etc. But the main raw materials remain glass industry waste. Glass wool strengths experts attribute good thermal insulation properties, incombustibility, excellent vapor permeability, effective sound absorption and durability to biodefeat. The main disadvantage of the material remains fragility. Glass fibers form tiny particles that are dangerous to human respiratory organs.

The operation of houses with thermal insulation made of glass wool is not fraught dangers for residents, but when installing it is necessary to use personal protective equipment.

Advantages

  • affordable price;
  • excellent vapor permeability;
  • resistance to biodefeat;
  • good sound insulation.

disadvantages

  • Tinyness
  • harmfulness during installation.


Attention! This rating is subjective, is not advertising and does not serve as a guide to the purchase. Before the purchase consultation with a specialist is necessary.

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